Prince Philip, husband of the Queen, died at 99

THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH, PRINCE PHILIP, HAS DIED AGED 99, SAYS BUCKINGHAM PALACE. PRINCE PHILIP PASSED AWAY IN HIS SLEEP "PEACEFULLY" AT WINDSOR CASTLE AT 12.01 PM ON FRIDAY. OUTSIDEWINDSOR CASTLE THE MOOD IN LOCKDOWN-HIT LONDON IS SUBDUED. -FM.


Forgotten Australia: Old B&W movies transfer into glorious colour!

THE DANCING MAN, FRANK McALARY.

FRANK MORRIS

WHO WAS THAT DANCING MAN WHO WAS AS SMOOTH AS SILK? HE WAS A BUDDING LAWYER WHO ENDED UP HAVING A DISTINGUISHED CAREER AS A SYDNEY BARRISTER.

HIS NAME? FRANK McALARY.

McALARY ‘DANCED’ ON FILM, WAS LEAPING, HIS HAT ALOFT AND FROLICKING DOWN A SYDNEY STREET AT THE END OF WORLD WAR 11 ON VP DAY 1945.

HE RECALLED LATER ON THAT THE AFFAIR BECAME ONE OF AUSTRALIA’S MOST CELEBRATED CASES OF MISTAKEN IDENTITY.

THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN MINT DECIDED TO ISSUE A COIN ON THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY TO MARK THE END OF THE WAR. THE MINT ELECTED TO PUT THE IMAGE OF THE DANCING MAN ON ONE SIDE OF THE DOLLAR COIN WITHOUT IDENTIFYING HIM.

CHESTER PORTER, ONE HIS ASSOCIATES, REMARKED, THAT “BLIND FREDDY COULD SEE IT’S FRANK McALARY”.

“IT WAS VERY SPONTANEOUS”, HE SAID. “CHESTER PORTER, MYSELF AND TWO OTHERS … WERE STANDING ON THE EDGE OF THE CROWD AND A CINESOUND TRUCK WAS GOING ALONG FILMING.

PORTER SAID ‘GIVE ‘EM A SHOW, FRANK’”.

<< PART OF FRANK McALARY TIMELINES OF 2010 WAS USED IN THE COMPILATION OF THIS ARTICLE.


RAAF: 100TH ANNIVERSARY AND STILL GOING STRONG

THE FIRST WIRRAWAY WAS THE FOUNDATION OF AUSTRALIA’S AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY.

THE SPITFIRE MADE THE LUFTWAFFE WARY OF ITS DOMINANCE IN THE SKY. Below: BRITISH-MADE DE HAVILLAND’S MOSQUITO, WHICH SERVED AUSTRALIA VALIANTLY IN ACTIVE SERVICE OVERSEAS.  THE MOSQUITO WAS ALSO MANUFACTURED BY DE HAVILLAND, AUSTRALIA.

THE ONLY DOMINION TO CREATE ITS OWN AIR FORCE IN WORLD WAR 1.

FRANK MORRIS

THE CENTRAL FLYING SCHOOL WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1914 AT POINT COOK, VICTORIA. BUT BUSINESS AT THE SCHOOL WAS TO BE INEVITABLY SMALL.

IN THOSE DAYS, FEW PEOPLE HAS MORE THAN A PASSING INTEREST IN WHAT APPEARED TO BE A MERCHANICAL ABERRATION OF MINOR SIGNIFICANCE.

THE SCHOOL BEGAN WITH A SIX-MAN STAFF, WHICH CONSISTED OF TWO PILOT INSTRUCTORS, TWO MECHANICS, A COOK AND A CARETAKER: AS WELL AS THREE PLANES – TWO DEPERDUSSINS AND A BRISTOL BOXKITE.

IN WORLD WAR 1, WE WERE TO SEE A REMARKABLE GROWTH IN AERIAL POWER. BUT THE SCHOOL WAS THE ONLY PERMANENTLY ESTABLISHED AIR BASE IN THE COMMONWEALTH UNTIL 1921.

THIS WAS LATER TRANSFERRED IN 1948 TO EAST SALE, VICTORIA WHERE IT WAS MAINTAINED AS THE ORIGINAL UNIT OF THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN AIR FORCE.

“LAGGED BEHIND …”

AUSTRALIA BECAME THE FIRST DOMINION TO CREATE ITS OWN AIR FORCE IN WORLD WAR 1. THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RAAF BETWEEN THE WARS WAS SLOW.

“WAR CLOUDS WERE GATHERING”, WRITES A.K MACDOUGALL IN AUSTRALIA’S AIR FORCE: THE STORY OF THE RAAF. “IN 1935 NAZI GERMANY RENOUNCED THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES, WHICH HAD DISARMED HER; THEN CREATED AN AIR FORCE, THE LUFTWAFFE.

” THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH BEGAN TO REARM. BRITISH AIRCRAFT DEVELOPMENT HAD LAGGED BEHIND THAT OF THE AMERCIANS. AS EARLY AS 1933, THE US ARMY CORPS WAS FLYING ALL-METAL BOEING BOMBERS AND SINGLE-WING FIGHTERS”.

THE BRITISH HAWKER DEMONS WERE FLOWN BY THE RAAF IN 1930s. THEN CAME THE BREAKTHROUGH.
IN 1936, THE RAF ORDERED THEIR FIRST STEAMLINED “ALL-METAL MONOPLANES FIGHTERS – THE HAWKER HURRICANES AND SUPERMARINE SPITFIRES – WHICH WERE CAPABLE OF SPEEDS EXCEEDING 500 KM/H.

THE ROLL-OUT OF THE SPITFIRE AND HURRICANES BY THE RAF WAS INDICATIVE OF HOW BRITAIN WAS READY. IN 1940, DURING THE PROACTIVE BATTLE FOR BRITAIN, THE SPITFIRE ITSELF WITHSTOOD THE CONSTANT BARRAGE OF THE LUFFWAFFE, GERMANY'S PRIDE AND JOY.

BACK HOME, IN 1939, THE RAAF UNVEILS THE FIRST OF ITS AIRCRAFT FOR PUBLIC SCRUTINY-- THE WIRRAWAY.

THE WIRRAWAY FIGHTER/TRAINER, AN ABORIGINAL WORD MEANING ‘CHALLENGE’, WAS DEPLOYED IN A NUMBER OF COMBAT ROLES. THE PLANE WAS RETIRED IN 1959. THE WIRRAWAY HAS BEEN CREDITED AS BEING “THE FOUNDATION” OF AUSTRALIA AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY.

THE BRITISH DE HAVILLAND FACTORY PRODUCED THE FIGHTER BOMBER THE MOSQUITO IN 1940s. IT WAS ONE OF THE FASTEST OPERATION AIRCRAFT IN THE WORLD. THE FIRST AUSTRALIAN MOSQUITO WAS DEVILERED TO RAAF MARCH 5, 1944. ONLY 212 WERE BUILD.

AT THE OUTBREAK OF WORLD WAR 11, THE FORCE HAD 310 OFFICERS AND 3179 FROM OTHER RANKS. THERE WAS RAPID GROWTH AND DURING THE WAR, IN NOVEMBER 1944, THE RAAF COULD BOAST 20,691 OFFICERS AND 144,674 FROM OTHER DIVISIONS.

LARGEST IN AUSTRALIA!

AFTER THE WAR, THE RAAF SUPPLIED THREE SQUADRONS OF MUSTANGS TO THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH OCCUPATION FORCE IN JAPAN. THE SQUADRONS PLAYED A HUGE ROLE IN THE BRITISH CAMPAIGNS AGAINST MALAYAN TERRORISTS AND WAS DEPLOYED WITH UNITED NATIONS FORCES IN KOREA.

THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ACQUIRED THE FLYING BASE AT HAMM COMMON – NOW RICHMOND – IN THE 1920S. IT WAS FIRST USED IN JULY, 1925. NEEDLESS TO SAY, RICHMOND IS ONE OF THE LARGEST HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA, WHICH HOUSES THOUSANDS OF RAAF OFFICERS, AIRMEN AND AIRWOMEN FROM ALL OVER THE NATION.

ALTHOUGH THE RAAF IS THE YOUNGEST OF OUR SERVICES, ITS DAZZLING RECORD OF INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE ACHIEVEMENTS RELECTS THE VITAL PART OF THE AIR POWER AND SPACE EXPLORATION FOR GENERATIONS TO COME!

<< TUCKER & COMPANY HISTORICAL FIRSTS PROVIDED BACKGROUD TO THIS ARTICLE.


Clipper Days: Cutty Sark --The lone survivor of the tea clipper era

LOOKING MAJESTIC: THE CLIPPER SHIP CUTTY SARK.

ADAPTED BY FRANK MORRIS

CLIPPER SHIPS SPREAD THEIR SAILS AND SET FORTH FOR THE OTHER SIDE OF THE WORLD. THE NAME, CUTTY SARK, WILL EVER RING A BELL WHEN THE LAST WINDJAMMERS HAVE GONE TO THEIR LONG REST. WHEN OIL HAS DISPLACED COAL, HER RECORDS AND CUTTY SARK FAME WILL LIVE FOR EVER. WHEN CUTTY SARK TURNED SEVEN, SHE FINISHED A SEVEN DAYS’ SPRINT WITH A TALLY OF 2163 MILES, A DAILY AVERAGE OF 362 MILES. SEVERAL TIMES, SHE OUTDISTANCED STEAMERS. IN 1873, CUTTY SARK WAS BEATEN BY THERMOPYLAE, WHICH WAS FASTER IN HEAVY WEATHER, THAN IN LIGHT”. IN 1889, THOUGH, SHE BROUGHT SHAME ON AN ORIENT LINER WHEN SHE BEAT THE RMS BRITANNIA UP THE COAST. “WHAT A SHIP?” SIGNALS THE BRITANNIA. “WELL, DONE CUTTY SARK”.  YES, INDEED! IN THOSE DAYS, THE CLIPPERS WERE THE RACEHORSES OF THE DEEP. LAUNCHED IN 1869, AND 963 GROSS TONS, SHE WAS HAILED AS THE “MOST FAMOUS CLIPPER OF ALL TIME”. SHE LIES IN FALMOUTH HARBOUR.

<< From Clipper Days, The Sydney Mail, May 1936.

COMING: The Flying Cloud had a female as navigator.


Razzle Dazzle Olympics: Durack and Wylie, first women to compete for Australia

FANNY DURACK, AUSTRALIA’S FIRST EVER OLYMPIC SWIMMING CHAMPION.

SHE BEAT MINA IN THE STOCKHOLM DASH BY SECONDS BUT MINA WENT ON TO FAME!

AUSTRALIAN MINA WYLIE, DURACK’S CLOSET RIVAL, WAS STRICTLY OUTCLASSED.

ADAPTED BY FRANK MORRIS

MINA WYLIE AND FANNY DURACK WERE THE ONLY WOMEN TO COMPETE FOR AUSTRALIA AT THE STOCKHOLM OLYMPICS IN 1912. BUT FANNY NOTCHED A MARK IN SPORTING HISTORY. SHE BECAME THE FIRST EVER WOMAN OLYMPIC SWIMMING CHAMPION.

Fanny won the Gold medal in the 100 metres freestyle, the only women’s event held. In the 100 metres pool, built specifically for the Games in Stockholm Harbour, she clocked 1min. 22.2 sec when defeating Australian Mina Wylie, her greatest rival, by 3.2 sec.

Previously she won a heat, breaking the World record held by Daisy Curwen, from England, by 0.8sec. Swimming 1min 16.2secs in 1915, Fanny retained that record for eight years.

Fanny, who hailed from Sydney’s Haymarket, broke twelve World record between 1912 and 1918 in distances ranging from 100 metres to one mile. She dominated women’s swimming for a longer period than anyone else.

Her best times were: 100 yards 1 min 06 sec, 100 metres 1min 16.2 sec; 220 yards 2 min 56 sec; 300 metres 4 min 43.6 sec; and one mile 26min 08.sec.

Fanny extensively promoted women’s swimming with world tours, demonstration the trudge and the Australian crawl stroke. She took on and beat all comers the world over for eight years in the formative stages of women’s swimming.

She was honoured in the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1967. She was born in 1894 and died in 1956.

THE DAY SHE MET FANNY

Mina, coached by her father at his Coogee Baths, first gained recognition at Australia’s inaugural Ladies Championship, Brisbane. In 1903, she won the Championship for the 60 yards dash for aged 13 years.

Two years later she held the Australian record for 100 yards in the then amazing time of 1min 5 secs. Mina maintained her top status in Australian swimming over many years, becoming adept at the various strokes.

In 1920, she met Fanny Durack in a 100 yards event at Sydney Domain Baths and came out a clear winner. She had learnt a few things since going down to Durack at the Stockholm Games.

Mina, in 1922, held the Australian Championship in all styles of swimming. But Fanny became the first Aussie to receive the highest monument – the Royal Life Saving Society Award.

In 1974, Mina was honoured by gaining a place in the International Hall of Fame. It’s been 100 years since Mina Wylie, from Coogee, NSW, and Fanny Durack won right to swim.

The two women had an exhibition, including photos, memorabilia, Mina’s silver medal and one of her swimming costumes which was held at Maroubra, NSW.

Mina was born in 1891 and died in 1984.

<< ADAPTED FROM THE HALL OF CHAMPIONS, SPORT HOUSE, SYDNEY.


The Great war: Popular song says Australia will be there!

SITTING ROUND THE TABLE SINGING A PATRIOTIC SONG!

FRANK MORRIS

AUSTRALIANS, AT THE OUTBREAK OF THE 1914-18 WAR, SANG A POPULAR AND PATRIOTIC SONG THAT CAPTURED ALL THEIR ENTHUSIASM.

“AUSTRALIANS WILL BE THERE!” -- THE SONG WAS SUNG BY EVERYBODY.

RALLY ROUND THE BANNER OF YOUR COUNTRY, TAKE THE FIELD WITH BROTHERS O’ER THE FOAM, ON LAND OR SEA, WHEREVER YOU MIGHT BE, KEEP YOUR EYE ON GER-MAN-Y’.

AUSTRALIAN’S FLOCKED IN THEIR THOUSANDS TO JOIN THE ARMY TO ASSIST GREAT BRITAIN, SAID AN AUTHOR.

THE COST WAS HORRIFYING: 300,00 AUSSIES WENT, 60,000 DIED; 155,000 WOUNDED.


SKIPPY, THE BUSH KANGAROO …

YOUR NEXT GRAND YEARS WILL BE ON APRIL16.

Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 07 April 21

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