Great Britain/Great War: Magic taste of freedom – women stepped into a man’s world!

FRANK MORRIS

COLLECTOR CHECKING THE TICKET OF A BRITISH SOLDIER AT LONDON’S VICTORIA STATION.

THE TWO WOMEN SHOW WHAT DRIVING A TRAM IS ALL ABOUT. THEY’RE LEARNING TO TAKE UP THE POST LEFT BY MEN WHO ARE SERVING WITH THE ALLIED FORCES.

A LOT OF WOMEN JOINED WITH THE NURSE MOVEMENT AS VOLUNTEER NURSES AND CARERS FOR WOUNDED SOLDIERS.

ON THE HOME FRONT, MILLIONS OF MEN WENT OFF TO FIGHT FOR THEIR COUNTRY’S NORMALITY!

The workplace beckoned for the women they had left behind. The dramatic implications for their status in society was awesome.

As millions of men were shipped to the front line, the women they left behind were engaged in important work, sometimes it was very dangerous, to work on the home front.

The terrible death of a young woman showed that it wasn’t only the battlefield where lives were being put on the line.
During the First World War, many women became volunteer nurses and carers for wounded soldiers returning home.

They were directed to stately properties which had been converted into hospitals or convalescent homes.

THERE WERE RUMBLINGS OF THE WAR YEARS, OF COURSE! BUT WITHOUT WARNING, THE FAMOUS LUSITANIA WAS TORPEDOED OFF THE IRISH COAST, KILLING AMONG THE PASSENGERS, 128 AMERICANS. SHE SANK IN MINUTES. IT IS ADVISED THAT MANY OF THE PASSENGERS HAD BEEN SAVED.

After severe rumblings, America finally stepped into the fray in 1917.

America was drawing closer and closer to the war in Europe. German’s resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare brought about a break in diplomatic relations between that country and America in February, 1917.

It was only a matter of time before the American people would demand a declaration of war against the Central Powers of Europe.

On April 6, l917, the declaration of war was made and America doughboys were soon on their way “over there”.
President Wilson had spent almost three years trying to stay out the conflict.

Germany, in American eyes, was the villain after news of atrocities in Belgium in 1914. In addition was the sinking of the British passenger liner, the Lusitania, in l915. Which killed 128 Americans.

“It’s a war to end all wars that would make the world safe for democracy”.

With America, came the start of a new newspaper, The Stars & Stripes, which would lift the lid on a number of issues about the war.

Great Britain’s/Great War: The Yank’s start a newspaper that worth its weight in gold!

FRANK MORRIS

THE FIRST EDITION OF THE STARS & STRIPES FOR 1918. IT HELP RAISED A LOT OF WAR ISSUES.  AS WAR ROLLS ON, THE STARS & STRIPES WILL BE A FAMILIAR CATCH-CRY.

The most treasured newspaper of any war from 1915 onwards was Stars and Stripes. Experts say it’s hailed as the most popular, most quoted, and most ambitious of the service newspapers around since World War II.

Meanwhile, there was an interesting array of service newspapers and magazines produced all over the world -- Yank, SEAC, Parade, Battle Dress, Victory and so on – S&S origins actually date from the Great War.

Media historian Michael Anglo said these news outlets “provided a safety valve for the vast hordes of civilians in uniform who were enmeshed in the military machine.”

The first of issue of The Stars and Stripes was produced in Neufchateau, France, on February 8, 1918. The idea that the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) published its own newspaper was promoted by an articulate but aggressive young officer, Guy T. Viskniskki.

START THE PROJECT

Viskniskki, a press officer and censor, backed up his proposal with the fact the he had organised and managed the 80th Division Training Camp weekly, The Bayonet. When the General Staff finally acquiesced to his plan, Viskniskki unearthed enough newsprint to start to project.

His next move was to find linotype machines and stereotyping equipment and suitable premises. He did. He organised the printing at the Paris plant of the London newspaper, The Daily News. Viskniskki’s position as editor was curtailed after a few issues.

He was eventually succeeded by an “editorial council”, which was headed by Harold Ross, who later co-founded the New Yorker magazine. Some of the other luminaries included Alexander Woolcott (drama) and Grantland Rice (sport).

BRITISH EDITION

The paper, which was “greatly prized” by the infantry and officers alike, continued to be published in France for the next sixteen months. It was shifted to Washington, lock, stock and caboodle to operate as “an independent weekly”.

Since its beginning, S&S has been part of every theatre of war on every front. The paper made its first appearance in North Africa as a four-page weekly in December, 1942. This edition carried a special message from the US Commander of the European Forces, General Eisenhower.

The General emphasised, once again, the importance of home news to the soldiers.
Special editions, weekly and then daily, covered the Mediterranean and Italy; and a British edition appeared in 1942, hard on the heels of the first US troops arriving in Ireland.

As the wars rolled on, “Stars and Stripes forever” has been a familiar catchcry.

ABOUT THE STARS & STRIPES …

OFFICIAL! THE AMERICAN NEWSPAPER, THE STARS AND STRIPES, FIRST MADE ITS APPEARANCE IN THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR OF I861-65. IT HAS BEEN PUBLISHED PERIODICALLY EITHER AS A WEEKLY OR A DAILY. IT WAS REVIVED AS A WEEKLY IN 1918 AND DISCONTINUED IN 1919. IT WAS SET UP AGAIN IN 1942; AND A PACIFIC EDITION IN 1945. --FM.


Britain’s War Years in vivid, glorious colour!

YOU CAN LEAD A HORSE TO WATER … BUT ALL THEY WANT TO DO IS GET OUT OF THE MUDDY HELL THEY’RE IN. LADEN WITH MUNITIONS, THESE TWO HORSES STRUGGLE THROUGH THE MUD NEAR YPRES, BELGIUM, DURING THE FIRST WAR WORLD IN 1917. THEY WERE CARRYING ARTILLERY SHELLS FOR ALLIED TROOPS FIGHTING IN THE BATTLE OF PASSCHENDAELE. ASSORTED ANIMALS WERE USED IN THE TRENCHES, THOUSANDS DIED. THIS IMAGE WAS ORGINALLY SHOT IN BLACK AND WHITE. COMPUTER SOFTWARE WAS PUT TO THE TEST. OUT SPRINGS A FORGOTTEN BRITAIN IN GLORIOUS COLOUR. SOURCE: WEEKEND MAGAZINE, ENGLAND.


YOUR DOG: Scorpio dogs show great strength of character

FRANK MORRIS

I’M A MASTER OF LOT OF THINGS EXCEPT MY NAME.

My owner keeps telling me that I am a master of things so I should behave myself all the time. Then she uttered those painful words … “Come on, Dog-dog!”

I just look at her.

My owner turns her sweet blue eyes and starts to mutter some indecipherable lines to me. She smile. I take it they were decent.

My imagination took over.

I started to roll around like a sick parrot! I felt dreadful just to think of it. My eyes turned red; my paws started to burn; my red-setter head was just about to fall off!

She, my owner, fibbed. All I did was roll around and got up. There’ll nothing wrong with that.

She bent down and patted me. “That’s a nice Dog-dog”. She’s done it again. I looked up at her with a courteous, kindly, merciful gaze and I began to have a deeply felt and sincere liking for her.

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REMEMBER THE 1960s …
1960 WAS THE CENTENARY OF THE MELBOURNE CUP. THE RAZZ-A-MATAZZ PROMOTION OF THE CUP BROUGHT 100,000 PEOPLE TO FLEMINGTON FOR THE FIRST TIME SINCE 1949. THE CENTENARY CARNIVAL WAS DUBBED, “THE FESTIVAL OF FASHIONS, FLOWERS & FAVOURITES”. TULLOCH WAS THE FAVOURITE, BUT HE WAS SO COMPLEX IN CHARACTER THAT ON THE FIELD HE WAS HARD TO HANDLE. MEANWHILE, HI JINX AND HOWSIE FINISHED FIRST AND SECOND, WITH ILUMQUH WHO RAN THIRD.
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Scorpios are supposed to forgive and forget about a minor name, Dog-dog. If I’d grown to a full-size red-setter, with paws as long a human hand, I would have trampled her into the ground. No kidding.

But now, as I up to her, looking doe-eyed at the look she gives back to me, I almost whimper in shame.

But no, I went to her like a gallant knight; I treated her like I would any female, I came and sat beside her. She bent and mouthed those words, “Good dog, Dog-dog”.

I cringed.

Scorpio is a water sign symbol representing power, I thought. The dog born under it will have great strength of character and have a sting in his tail. Sounds interesting, I thought.

Power makes you formidable. As I grow older, I spend my time pursuing but one ambition: complete self-mastery.

I would go to great lengths to stretch my powers of endurance. I can be an affectionate creature. But, I still have a prickly exterior. Some red-setters are like that.

I’m glad I am a red-setter with square head, impressive height, and unbounding red hair swaying in the wind.
I am the ‘king’ of the dog fraternity. I just wish my female owner would have named me anything but Dog-dog!


ACTION HORSES: Australia’s most intelligent cutting horses!

JULIE SKERRETT      Adapted by FRANK MORRIS

ACTION HORSES ARE BUILT FOR, SKILL, INTELLIGENCE AND LIGHTNING FAST REFLEXES!

Cutting horses are the fastest growing equines in Australia. Their sport also carries considerable prize-money for doing what they do best – cutting. But beware of the cost, it can be jaw-breaking as well; and it can send you broke.

Deep down, it’s the love of the sport rather the hopes of riches that keep its aspirants faithful.

Developed from work practices, the sport still occupies a large part in Australia and other parts of the world.

In the absence of fences, gates and yards, several horsemen hold the herd while one or two riders separate out chosen individuals.

Skilled horses and riders are needed, but the saving in time and the less cattle stress is considerable. As a sport, cutting was first seen in Australia … in which one beast was cut out from the mob in the holding yard or “camp”.

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REMEMBER THE 1960s …
A USSR PATRIOTIC SONG, HOW SPACIOUS IS MY COUNTRY, WAS FADED-DOWN ON RADIO, AND A SIMPLE ANNOUNCEMENT THAT SHATTERED FOREVER MAN’S ANCIENT ISOLATION ON EARTH: “THE WORLD’S FIRST SPACESHIP VOSTOK (EAST), WITH A MAN ON BOARD, HAS BEEN LAUNCHED ON APRIL 12, 1961 … IS ON A ROUND-THE-WORLD ORBIT”. THE USSR CAME TO A HALT. STREETCARS AND BUSES CAME TO A STOP. PASSENGERS, FACTORY WORKERS AND SCHOOL KIDS WERE LISTENING. MAJOR YURI GARARIN, THE FIRST COSMONAUT, WAS WHIRLING ABOUT THE EARTH AT 18,000 MILES A HOUR. HE WENT INTO HISTORY AS THE FIRST MAN IN SPACE.
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The selected beast is usually held apart from the mob for some minutes to demonstrate the skill of the horse and rider. The points tally allocated for the “cut out” make up is 20 per cent of the total camp draft score.

Generally, Australian stock horses are used for cutting.

The skill of the horse alone, working almost entirely unaided, is judged; and it calls for exceptional intelligence and powers of concentration, and well as swift acceleration and lightning reflexes.

No other breed fits these criteria as does the American Quarter Horse. The horse’s selective breeding has concentrated and emphasized these traits.

The Quarter Horse, with its sturdily muscled hind-quarters and moderate height (14.2 to 15 hands) gives them the fast take-off necessary in sprinting races over a quarter-mile (400 metres), from which the breed takes its name.

Muscling and movement is the thing.

The same heavy muscling in chest and rear make it possible for rapid spinning motions necessary in a good cutting horse. The horse’s intelligent forward-facing eyes, set wide apart in a short broad head, fix their intent gaze on the beast in a fierce concentration not observed in any other breed.

Just as remarkable is the Quarter Horse trained for flexibility and rapidity of movement. A Quarter Horse can achieve a true pivot in the hind feet.

The forelegs, meanwhile, plunge rapidly from side to side following the movements of the unhappy steer. A young untrained Quarter Horse of approved lines can cost many thousands of dollars and take years to train.

However, you can obtain a great deal of pleasure by just becoming a spectator at the cutting events.

SOURCE: If you’re interested in becoming a member contact: Admin@ncha.com.au

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REMEMBER IN THE 1960s …
ALAN JAY LERNER AND FREDERICK LOEWE, NOW THE BEST WRITER-COMPOSER TEAM IN AMERICAN MUSICAL THEATRE, WITH LERNER THE LIBRETTIST AND LOEWE THE COMPOSER. BOTH MEN ARE INTERSELY AMBITIOUS. LOEWE SAID, “I’M A GENIUS”. THEY ALREADY PROVED THEMSELVES WORTHY OF A KING, HERE LIES KING ARTHUR, APPEARED ON THE STAGE OF BROADWAY’S MAJESTIC THEATER, ON DECEMBER 3, 1960. THEY BELTED OUT: MY FAIR LADY, BRIGADOON, PAINT YOUR WAGON, CAMELOT AND MANY OTHERS.

Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 15 November 19

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