Melbourne Cup – New Zealand bred stayer packs a wallop in huge field

A RARE SNAP OF CARBINE SEEN ROMPING AWAY WITH THE 1890 CUP.

CARBINE STANDS TO ATTENTION. GETTING READY FOR THE RACE OF THE CENTURY.

ADAPTED BY FRANK MORRIS

IN THE HISTORY OF THE AUSTRALIAN TURF, WHICH GOES BACK A CENTURY AND HALF, THE MEMORY OF TWO HORSES STANDOUT -- CARBINE AND PHAR LAP. THEY ARE BOTH PROUDLY CLAIMED BY MANY AUSTRALIANS AS THE THAT BEST RACEHORSES THE WORLD HAS EVER KNOWN.

THE ACCURACY OF SUCH A CLAIM CAN BE DEBATED. BUT WHAT IS STRANGELY TRUE IS NEITHER CARBINE NOR PHAR LAP WAS AUSTRALIAN-BRED. BOTH RACEHORSES WERE FOALED IN NEW ZEALAND.

CARBINE’S EARLY RACING – WINNING HIS FIRST FIVE EVENTS – WAS DONE ON NEW ZEALAND RACETRACKS.

IN THE 1889 CUP, HE GALLANTLY  CARRIED 10.0 TO FINISH SECOND BEHIND BRAVO.

IN THE COURSE OF THAT GREAT RUN CARBINE SPLIT A HEEL, AN INJURY THAT WAS TO WORRY HIM FOR THE REST OF HIS CAREER AND MAKE HIS SUBSEQUENT RECORDS ALL  THE MORE REMARKABLE.

THE INJURY WAS THE DIRECT CAUSE OF THE ONLY UNPLACED  RUN IN CARBINE’S 43 RACES. IN THE CANTERBURY PLATE, THE LAST DAY OF THE 1889 CUP MEETING, HE RAN LAST IN A FIELD OF FOUR.


FOR ITS SIZE, NZ HAD ONE OF THE MOST FERTILE BREEDING GROUNDS – PARTICULARY STAYERS – IN THE WORTH. CARBINE WAS BRED AT SYLVIA PARK STUD, ON THE OUTSKIRTS OF AUCKLAND, 1885, AND SOLD FOR 620 GUINEAS. – FM.


IN THE AUTUMN OF 1890, CARBINE WON THE ESSENDON STAKES AT FLEMINGTON. HE THEN RAN THIRD BEHIND THE SPLENDID HORSE MELOS, IN THE THREE MILES CHAMPION STAKES. HE WON HIS REMAINING SEVEN STARTS AS A FOUR-YEAR-OLD, INCLUDING A SECOND IN THE SYDNEY CUP.

AS A FIVE YEAR OLD, SO CONVINCING WAS CARBINE’S MELBOURNE STAKES VICTORY THAT THE PUBLIC DISREGARDED THE FACT THAT ONLY ONE HORSE  HAD WON THE MELBOURNE CUP  WITH 10.0 OR MORE – THAT WAS ARCHER BACK IN 1862.

THE VRC HAD MADE THE 1890 CUP THE TALK OF THE NATION AND RACING MEN ALL OVER THE WORLD BY ADDING 10,000 POUNDS TO THE OWNERS’ SWEEPSTAKES – IT WAS EASILY THE MOST ADDED MONEY GIVEN BY ANY RACING CLUB, ANYWHERE.

ON PRESENT-DAY VALUES THE 1890 MELBOURNE CUP WAS WORTH NEAR ENOUGH TO $200,000.

NO WONDER A RECORD FIELD OF 39 RUNNERS LINED UP FOR THE RACE. IT WAS A FIELD AS STRONG IN CLASS AND IN NUMBERS. MELOS, THE OWNER CONSIDERED, WAS A SUPERIOUR STAYER TO CARBINE, AND WANTED TO MAKE SURE THE TOP-WEIGHT HAD TO CARRY HIS BURDEN ALL THE WAY.


CARBINE WAS PURCHASED BY AUSTRALIAN INTERESTS AND SHIPPED TO THIS DESTINATION. HE WON ALL FIVE OF HIS RACES AS 2-YEAR-OLD. IT WAS AS A FIVE YEAR OLD THAT CARBINE EXCELLED HIMSELF. HE GREATNESS WOULD PUT HIM ON THE WORLD MAP. – FM.


CARBINE NEVER LOST TOUCH WITH THE LEADERS, AND IT WAS MELOS WHO CRACKED AT THE BACK OF THE COURSE WHEN HE WAS ENDEAVOURING TO MATCH STRIDES WITH THE CHAMPION.

FROM THE HOME TURN, CARBINE UNLEASHED A TERRIFIC RUN WHICH TOOK HIM TO THE FRONT … HIGHBORN AND CORREZE ATTEMPED TO MAKE A RACE OF IT WITH THE FAVOURITE, BUT THE JOCKEY MERELY WAVED THE WHIP AT CARBINE AND HIS SWEEPING LONG RUN STRIDE TOOK HIM TO THE LINE AN EASY WINNER.

HE WON BY TWO AND HALF LENGTHS FROM HIGHBORN WITH CORREZE A  FURTHER A HALF-LENGTH AWAY THIRD.

NEVER BEFORE OR SINCE HAS A CUP CROWD GONE AS WILD WITH JOY … WHEN CARBINE HAD THE CUP WON. ‘OLD JACK”, AS CARBINE WAS  KNOWN. HE LOVED APPLAUSE. HE WALKED BACK TO SCALE WITH THE INDIFFERENT HIND ACTION, A SITUATION THAT SO BELIED HIS GALLOPING ABILTY.

THE GREAT CHAMPION FELT THE TREMENDOUS RECEPTION WAS NO MORE THAN HE DESERVED.
CARBINE HAD BECOME A LEGLEND.

<< ADAPTED FROM THE MELBOURNE CUP – 1861 TO 1982 BY MAURICE CAVANOUGH, 1971.

THE BYSTANDERS GIVE SOME LAST WORDS TO A PROMINENT JOCKEY, AS THE REST  OF THE CROWD WAIT EASILY FOR THE START OF THE CUP.

KINGS CROSS: It’s a way of life – up, down an inside out!

THE FRENETIC KINGS CROSS, AS WE KNOW IT TODAY.

MEMORIES OF KINGS CROSS: THE SWISH GLENEAGLES NIGHTCLUB, THREE FLOORS OF WONDERMENT, OFFERED 'AFTER THEATRE', SUPPERS. IMAGE: PART OF AN ILLUSTRATION BY A STREET ARTIST 1945.

THE CROSS WAS A MIXTURE OF OLD AND NEW, AND ASPECTS OF SLEAZE TO GO WITH IT!

FRANCIS ROLLEY

FRANK MORRIS

It’s traditional, it’s mythic, it’s famous, it’s legendary. It provided a way of life that is sometimes up, down and inside out. That’s why Kings Cross is a magnet which appeals to the wildest imaginations of sensation seekers.

It’s quite different and certainly unique in Australia, although there are similar parallels overseas.

There’s New York’s Greenwich Village, London’s Soho, Montmartre in Paris, Hamburg’s Reeperbahn and the Ginza in Tokyo; yes, all these come to mind.

But because Sydney’s Kings Cross is a mixture of old and new, sleaze and tease, rough and bohemian, bright lights and red lights, it has its own identity and personality. Or personalities, to be precise. By day, it’s a subdued the inner-city suburb with sunlit tree-lined street and gracious apartments buildings.

Shops -- fashion, variety and down-market -- are the backdrops to a middle-aged or older population going about its daily business with briefcases and shopping bags.

And as night-time falls, a younger more fun-loving generation comes out of the tenements; or arrive from other suburbs. What this does is without fail transform The Cross into shades of colour, caricatures, cultures and cuisines.
The streets are frequented by a fascinating collection of interesting, offbeat, and weird individuals of both sexes; and a couple of less easily defined ones as well.


JUANITA NEILSON: THE MYSTERY. LOOKING BACK, HER CAREER 40 YEARS AGO BECAME A CRUSADE. BUT THIS MYSTERY REBOUNDS LIKE A BAD  PENNY. IT’S 45 YEARS AGO SINCE SHE DISAPPEARED. VANISHED. NOBODY HAS SEEN HER SINCE. JUANITA RAN A NEWSPAPER CALLED NOW IN WHICH SHE WROTE EDITORIALS BLITHELY ATTACKING THOSE IN CHARGE OF THE DESTRUCTION OF VICTORIA STREET. CONTINUED.>

JUANITA NEILSON: HER DISAPPEARANCE IS STILL A MYSTERY.

There are posh international hotels joined by some of the city’s ritziest restaurants and popular down-market dives -- bars and bistros, nightclubs and on-stage variety shows. Strip joints, X-rated cinemas, adult magazine shops and souvenir shops.

And this minute clutter is jammed into a little more than a square kilometre of inner Sydney on a hill overlooking Woolloomooloo Bay where the suburbs of Potts Point, Elizabeth Bay, Paddington and Darlinghurst converge.

The Cross can mean anywhere in an ill-defined area bounded by Victoria Street, Bayswater Road, Darlinghurst Road and Macleay Street; but the actual “cross’ is formed where Darlinghurst Road bisects Victoria Street at the intersection of Bayswater Road and William Street.

This links the area to Sydney’s Central Business District.

It was originally known as Queens Cross but it was frequently confused with Queens Square, not far distant at the Hyde Park end of Macquarie Street. In 1901, when Queen Victoria died and Edward VII ascended the British throne, its name was changed to Kings Cross.

During the First World War, The Cross was a residential district for many of the city’s more affluent citizens. Stately sandstone dwellings of half-a-dozen stories stand beside the cast iron balconies of quaint two and three storey timber terrace houses.

The area’s genteel charm in those days was in marked contrast to the gangster age of the 1920s when The Cross became the battleground for rival cut-throat razor-wielding gangs.

FRANK MORRIS COMMENT: In the 1930 and 1940s, The Cross boasted some the swishiest nightclubs in Sydney. Many of them, like the Knickerbocker, Tabaron Cabaret, and Gleneagles, offered “exclusive after-theatre suppers from 9pm to midnight” which attracted “men in tail and women in evening dress.”


JUANITA NEILSON: THE MYSTERY: JUANITA, THROUGH THE NEWSPAPER, UNFORTUNATELY, GOT TANGLED UP WITH A BUNCH OF THE “WORST STYLE” OF CROOKS, EVER. SHE ARRIVES AT THE CAROUSEL CLUB AT 10.40 AM AND IS NEVER SEEN AGAIN. IT WAS GOOD NIGHT JUANITA! WHO KILLED JUANITA NEILSON? THERE ARE A MYRIAD OF MYTHS SURROUNDING THE STORY. THERE HAVE BEEN TWO DOCUMENTARIES AND A PODCAST ON JUANITA “SUDDENLY” VANISHING FROM SIGHT. VERDICT: MAKE SURE YOU HEAR FULL STORY ON THE ABC PODCAST.– FM.

THE BATAVIA TRAGEDY. FINAL. MASS SLAUGHTER OF SURVIVORS!

GATHERING IMPORTANT ARTEFACTS FROM THE WRECK OF BATAVIA.

THE HULK OF THE SHIP NOW ON DISPLAY.

THE KILLING HAS BEGUN.

ADAPTED BY FRANK MORRIS

The survivors started to die. And perhaps much of the terror that followed would not have been, except for what appeared to be a miracle. After six days rain fell and was collected … and they fought for survival.

Food was not the real problem. There were eggs, fish a-plenty, and seals for the taking. The planned mutiny had become common knowledge to the survivors, one of the mutineers having spoken about it openly while drunk.

His reward was a knife between the ribs. But now Cornelisz felt himself committed to take over and kill all who opposed him.

It took him 20 days to establish a plan which offered some prospect of success. But his main problem was that his group amounted to about twenty Some men and opposed to them were 150 people, some of them disciplined soldiers and seafarers.

Cornelisz was an under-merchant, and in the absence of Pelsaert and Jacobsz, was the senior survivor and, until such time as he made an overt move against the welfare of the group, was commanded by authority of the company.

He ordered the soldiers to search outlying islands for water and told them to leave their arms behind so that they could carry more water.


OPEN ROAD 100 YEAR OF ROADS: “ON JULY 12, 1921, WE SET UP AN HISTORIC MILESTONE”, SAID OPEN ROAD. “A SMALL PRINTING PRESS BEGAN ROLLING OUT THE FIRST EDITION OF THE NRMA, GOOD ROADS, TO TIE IN WITH OUR MEMBERSHIP AT THE TIME”.

The soldiers under Weibbe Hayes, set off; and Cornelisz then split the other survivors into groups which he distributed around three islands on the pretext that the original island was overcrowded.

Then the killing began. First to die were the strongest, murdered stealthily and at night. If any questions were asked they were told that they had gone to another island. As the numbers were reduced the killing became open.

People were struck down where they were caught, and the sick had their throats cut in the hospital. Expeditions were sent to the other islands and the survivors there were hunted and slaughtered. Cornelisz had only one problem – Weibbe Hayes.

He and his men had found water and were able to survive. Remember, they had no arms yet they made pikes, clubs and spears and repelled repeated attacked by the mutineers. Hayes called his men the Verdedigers, or Defenders.

What Cornelisz could not do by force he tried by treachery. Under a flag of truce, he tried to buy off the Defenders and was taken prisoner.


OPEN ROAD: 100 YEARS OF ROADS. GOOD ROADS MAGAZINE, LAUNCHED IN 1921, WAS THE FORERUNNER TO OPEN ROAD, WHICH WAS EXTABLISHED IN 1927. IT WAS A POSITIVE REACTION FROM THE MEMBERSHIP. 

On September 17, the balance of the mutineers mustered for a final, desperate attack on the Defenders. And then the unbelievable happened. A sail appeared. It was Pelsaert. He had amazingly covered 2000 miles (4000 k) of ocean in his tiny boat and arrived with 45 people in Batavia.

The Governor was not impressed by his story – less so his actions. He recognised the most important matter was to get help to the survivors. Grim and white-faced, Pelsaert heard Hayes’ gruesome account:

“(He) furthermore told that he was Captain over 47 souls, who had kept themselves so long on one island in order to save their lives as the scoundrels had murdered more than 125 persons … and that 14 days ago he captured Jeronimus Cornelisz, under-merchant and chief of the scoundrels.”

Dutch law of the time allowed torture to be used to determine the truth or otherwise of such charges. Cornelisz was tortured five times over 10 days before the hangings began.

Cornelisz was hanged first on October 2, 1629.

<< The Batavia Tragedy adapted from Australian Studies, Victoria.

THE BATAVIA REPLICA, WHICH WAS CONSTRUCTED AT THE BATAVIA SHIPYARDS IN LELYSTAD, THE NETHERLANDS.

CARS WE LOVE … Tucker, among other things, has a third headlight that goes around corners!

1948 TUCKER IS WORTH OVER ONE MILLION DOLLARS!

FRANK MORRIS

THE AMAZING STORY OF PRESTON TUCKER! HE DESIGNED AND BUILT THE REVOLUTIONARY  AUTHOMOBILE, TUCKER,  IN CHICAGO, AMERCIA, WAS MARKETED IN 1948. THE MANY THOUSANDS OF AUTOS THAT WERE PRODUCED, TUCKER WAS THE THE FIRST, MOTORCAR TO FEATURE AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION, A REAR ENGINE, A THIRD HEADLIGHT THAT FOLLOWED THE CAR AROUND CORNERS, AND A WINDSHIELD THAT POPPED OUT IN A CRASH.“TUCKER SUSPECTED THAT THE BIG THREE AUTOMAKERS AND A SENATOR ALSO HAD A ROLE IN THE TUCKER CORPORATION’S DEMISE”. THE COMPANY WAS FORCED TO GO INTO BANKRUPTCY. IN 1948, THE TUCKER SOLD FOR $2,448. IN 1998, IT WILL FETCH $350,000. THE TUCKER IS TOPPING THE $1M MARK. OF THE 51 CARS WHICH WERE BUILT, ONLY 48 ARE KNOWN TO EXIST.

GRAND YEARS: THE NEXT APPEARANCE WILL ON NOVEMBER 5.

Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 20 October 21

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