NEW YEAR! Richard Hughes – when was the first newspaper published?

EPISCOPALIAN: HIS COLLEAGUES UNFAILINGLY ADDRESSED RICHARD AS ‘YOUR GRACE.’ TEXT, BELOW: IS THE DRAWING EXAGGERATED? NO-ONE WHO HAS BEEN WITH HIM BELIEVES THE ARTIST CAUGHT HIM TO A TEE. BELOW: IN THE ENGLISH SPEAKING WORLD, THE LONDON GAZETTE WOULD STANDOUT PRETTY CLEARLY AS ONE OF “THE FIRST”. AS A WORLD’S FIRST, ASIA WOULD BE THE SPOT, AS RICHARD POINTED OUT IN HIS ARTICLE.

FRANK MORRIS based on Derek Davies, Editor, of the Far Eastern Economic Review

Richard Hughes’ friends all accorded him with Episcopalian authority and, unfailingly, addressed him as “Your Grace.” Hughes was an outstanding pressman and from there an international correspondent.

From working in public relations he joined the Melbourne Star. From there he went to the Sydney Daily Telegraph, which sent him to Tokyo whence he penned warnings about the “challenges to come.”

After reporting on the Second World War, he began a long journey to the doyenship of correspondents in Asia and Korea, and a rambunctious spell as manager of the Tokyo Press Club. He worked for the London Economist and the Sunday Times, and wrote several scoops on the British traitors, Burgess and MacLean.

He wrote his weekly column in the Far Eastern Economic Review since 1971 before the Falstaffian soul of Richard Hughes went to meets its Maker in January 1983. He was 77.

RICHARD HUGHES

When and where was the world’s first daily newspaper published? Alas, The Times is not in the running. The contest, surprisingly, is between West and East: Europe and Korea.

There is, not unnaturally, some confusion about who produced the first newspaper in Europe and where. As early as 1513 a news pamphlet appeared in England giving stop-the-presses news of Flodden Field.

But it is generally agreed that the first regular newspaper did not appear until the beginning of the 17th century. The earliest was the Nieuwe Tijdingen, an early example of newspaper tautology: who would print old tidings?

This was published in Antwerp from about 1605.

There were also several early German newspapers, among them no fewer than three called the Avisa Relation oder Zeitung, published in 1609.

BRIEF SURVIVIAL

Up until now … my own belief being that German capitalists were the first with the Leipziger Zeitung published in 1660.

But the German claim is under respectful challenge by South Korean scholars, whose rival daily entrant allegedly beat Germany’s on to the streets by nearly a century; but was selling for only three months in 1577.

Its brief survival was not due to poor sales but to regal suppression. It had an executive staff of more than 30, and His Majesty’s basic anger against its “reportage of official court gazettes from Korea and China” was obviously spurred by its popular interest and sales.

A recent edition of New Korean Glimpses … also evokes a precedent of German and Korean competition in first printing with movable metal type. Herr Johannes Gutenberg had been given the credit for initiating that method when he printed the Gutenberg Bible in the 15th century.

MOVABLE TYPE BEGAN

Again there were unsubstantiated Korean claims that a 50-volume anthology on past and present social life and religious rites had been printed in 1230 during the Koryo Dynasty by moveable metal type.

The Korean book, entitled Abstruse Principles of Zen, was discovered in the French national library. It had been printed with movable metal type.

Those remarkable Koreans never gloat about their achievements in what they call “the world’s culture of letters.” But they remain confident that their publication of the first daily newspaper about a century before The Leipziger Zeitung will be proven.

Who really cares, anyway, except perhaps senile newspapermen, who usually can’t remember when their own papers were born.

<< Barefoot Reporter: The best of Richard Hughes columns, 1971- 1983.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FAREWELL: BRUCE BROWN – SURF MOVIES MAKER. HE LEFT BEHIND 55 YEARS OF SURF FILM. HE HAD IT ALL! BELOW: THE FAMOUS AD.

VALE: BRUCE BROWN – THE ENDLESS SUMMER “TRANDSFORMED” SURFING

FRANK MORRIS

In 1966, Californian Bruce Brown released surfing’s most wildly known film, The Endless Summer. With the movie “came its carefree mix adventure,” the Pacific Longboarder said.

The magazine added, “The exotic line-ups and cornball humour has hit the right romantic note. Capturing the aesthetic of wave-riding as a pure act within itself and inspiring generations of surfers to search for their own perfect wave.”

The technique of the surfers in the film was revolutionary.

The Endless Summer hit the screens in 1966, it was the perfect document of an epic surf adventure. With buoyant fun, Summer changed the way “surfers had been depicted in popular culture.”

In the formative years of The Endless Summer, I was editor of SURFABOUT magazine. “We were told by the experts that the epic film would be the “top surf movie ever made.”

RAPID SUCCESS

Before then there was Slippery when Wet, Surf Crazy, Barefoot Adventure, Surfing Hollow Days and Waterlogged, which brought to the screen all of these amazing sojourns which would leave a viewer breathless.

The Endless Summer was made on a $50,000 budget which sounds small now; but in the mid-sixties, it was a king’s ransom. The film was released in movie theatres, high school auditoriums and town halls, making it a rapid commercial success.

After The Endless Summer, as soon as surfers saw ‘Bruce Brown’ on the poster they couldn’t resist it. A rejigged version came out to represent 50 years since the film was made.

The cache of movies Brown’s turnout still carry that hypnotic splendour; the perfect world that he would have sought for most of his life.           

Bruce Brown died of heart failure at his home at California. He was aged 80.

<< Background help came from The New York Times and The Pacific Longboarder.


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FAST FERRY: PROGRESS HAS CAUGHT UP WITH THE FAST RIDE TO  COSMOPOLITAN MANLY. BELOW: PEOPLE ENJOYING THEMSELVES. BELOW: ON THE WAY, THROUGH TO RAIN, TO MANLY.

FLASHBACK, 1984: GOING TO MANLY WAS ALWAYS A BIT OF AN ADVENTURE … AND MORE!

Ferries, not always names we know, today travel all day to a cosmopolitan beachside maze that is a wondrous sight. Workers and visitors doing their own thing. Today, there are higher buildings, finer streets, brighter pubs and more bars and nightclubs. Manly is a must!

FRANK MORRIS

There's no better way - or place - to find some solace then paying a visit to Manly. As the famous old saying goes, "you'll be seven miles from Sydney and a thousand miles from care." Sydney writer, Joseph Glascott, described going to Manly as 'an adventure."

Some years ago he wrote "A trip to Manly retains the special flavour of a visit to the seaside. "Manly evokes the charms of the sea rather then the pounding of the beach waves."

The hub of Manly, apart from the holiday-style sea side attractions, is The Corso. Its mall, with pavement cafes, fish shops and coloured awnings, had become the focal point of the village.

Maly's history is also a fascinating talking point. The first life-saving club, the Manly Surf Bathers, was founded in 1907.

GOCHER

Earlier this century, newspaper publisher, William Gocher, defied the law by bathing at daylight "and won the freedom for the public to bathe" in the ocean after 6am.

Were the natives a manly lot?

Governor Phillip could not be blamed if he looked back on his vist to Manly with some displeasure. It was there that Phillip was speared by a native Willemering while speaking to another native, his new-found friend Bennelong.

Luckily, at Phillip's side was the colony's assistant surgeon-general, William Balmain, who extracted the spear. Phillip refused to punish the offender. 

Manly was so named because of the "manly appearance" of the natives first encountered there. So come to Manly, where, as the music hall refrain goes, "you'll be beside the sea, beside the sea"

 

<< This article was written in 1984..

 


MAGIC FOR YOU! THE MAGIC PAPER TRICK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HAPPY AND PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR … AND MAKE YOUR DREAMS COME TRUE!

Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 05 January 18

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