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Number of blogs returned: 61 to 70 records of 314

HISTORY MAZE: Teach your children to love the tales of the past. That’s if you don’t mind dressing up.

FRANK MORRIS

READY TO FIGHT FOR GLORY AT THE JOUSTING TOURNAMENT.

let your imagination do the rest. And wouldn’t that mean that your family would think the world of you!

Have you ever seen a knight joust? In the movies, maybe, but in real life? How would you like to joust with a Tudor knight, or learn to become a gladiator at the Colosseum? Or fight for glory in a jousting tournament?

Luckily, at Hever Castle, England, there are bespoke, interactive programs designed to both entertain and teach kids about ancient warriors and martial arts.

Kids will never be the same after the summer jousting tournament. Did you know that Henry VIII’s favourite sport was jousting? He initially made it popular in Medieval England as a way for knights to show off their cavalry skills.

Hever Castle was Anne Boleyn’s childhood home and features a tiltyard arena where spectators can view the long-forgotten history of theatrical jousting and exploring the castle’s caverns of antiques and Tudor paintings.

The kids will be captivated by exploring the surrounding woodlands and ornamental gardens; as well as the Water Maze, and the over 100 years old Yew Maze.

Before the tournament is staged, the crowd walks in a procession towards the arena behind Anne Boleyn and Henry V111, impersonators, decked out in Tudor costumes.

Many excited kids are dressed in medieval knight costumes or bedecked in thrilling royal gowns.

In the arena, each jouster has their own colours and performs impressive stunts on horseback.

Onlooking kids and adults watch in awe as two jousters ride to unseat one another; a four-metre-long lance is used in the final act.

Check with Medieval Horse Sports Australia com.au to see when they hold their programs for kids.

SOURCE: Jousting Tournament, Five Star Kids magazine, England; fivestarkidsmagaznine.com.au

A tudor knight comes to life. 

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HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHT …
IT’S BEEN 80 YEARS, 1938, SINCE BRITAIN WENT TO WAR ON GERMANY. GERMANY DIDN’T RESPOND TO THE ULTIMATUM ISSUED BY BRITAIN. THEN THE COUNTRIES WERE AT WAR. AUSTRALIAN PRIME MINISTER, MR MENZIES, ALSO SAID WE WERE AT WAR.
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ROAD CCCCRASHED …
FACT: A STUDY BY AN ORGANISATION COMMITTED TO AGED CARE REVEALED THAT PEOPLE WITH DEMENTIA WERE UNSAFE TO DRIVE BUT CONTINUED TO DO SO.


Celebrating Australia: The flying 18s are on in your city water-ways!

FRANK MORRIS

AN ‘OLDIE’ GOING THROUGH ITS PACES.

THE RACING SKIFFS ARE OUT AND ABOUT.

The flying 18-foot racing skiffs, arrayed in amazing state of art finery, make a compelling sight.

If Mark Foy, the father of the 18-footer racing, could have witnessed this spectacular homage he would have cried with joy.

Foy regarded Sydney Harbour as the “world’s leading aquatic playground”.

THE FIRST skiff race was in 1891 with six entries sailing three times round a triangular course on Sydney Harbour. The winner, Lottie, won 30 pounds.

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ROAD CCCCRASHED …
FACT: SOME EFFECTS OF PRESCRIPTION AND OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS MAKE IT UNSAFE TO DRIVE.
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THE FATHER of 18-foot racing was Mark Foy who believed racing must be exciting and faster and boats had to colourful and easily identifiable.

QUEENSLAND pioneered interstate competition in 1895, bringing by steamer to Sydney a number of 18-footers and 22-footers for racing.

BEN LEXEN, the man who designed the winged keel on the America’s cup winning Australia II, won the world 18-footer title in 1961.

ONE OF the pioneers of skiff racing was Alf Beashel. His son Ken won the world 18-footer title in 1968 on the Daily Telegraph.

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ROAD CCCCRASHED …
FACT: ANY DRIVER TRAINING PROGRAM IS NOT THE WHOLE ANSWER, BUT IT CAN BE PART OF THE SOLUTION.

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AMERICA’S CUP skipper Iain Murray, Bob Holmes and Trevor Barnabas are the most prolific winners of the world 18-footer titles, winning five each.

ANOTHER PIONEER was rugby league player James J. Giltinan; he was also a major player in 18-footer racing

SINCE the inception of the world titles for the JJ Giltinan Trophy, Australian sailors have won all but eight crowns. These eight were won by seven New Zealand crews and one UK team.

IN the early1900s to 1930s the average speed of an 18-footer (wooden, with 10-15 crewman) over 9nm course 6.45 knots. IN the year 2000, with high, state of the art, carbon fibre, an 18-footer can reach speeds in excess on 30 knots downwind and costs $350,000-$400,000.


Film Great: Gay Seabrook was the first official voice of Minnie Mouse!

Adapted by FRANK MORRIS

GETTING THE VOICE OF MINNIE SHE HAD TO SPEAK LOUDER.

GAY SEABROOK’S VOICE WAS HER FORTUNE IN THE 1930s. IT IS A LIGHT, YOUNG VOICE WHICH SHE PITCHES A FEW TONES HIGHER FOR MINNIE MOUSE.

Walt Disney, four years ago, heard her in a radio act in a baby-talk part, and invited her to take the part of Minnie in a radio act which was being planned then as a highlight of American programmes.

A grand orchestra was engaged for the act, and everything was in train to make it one of the biggest items being offered to American listeners, but it was never put on.

Without the antics of the little black and white figures Minnie and Mickey just somehow didn’t exist, so instead the radio act was split up and became two Mickey Mouse pictures, one of which was called “The Dentist’s Office.”

Miss Seabrook says she is not the original Minnie. A girl in the studio, one of the staff known as “an inker,” who inks-in the figures in the cartoons, was Minnie in the early pictures when Minnie only said a few words.

She is not an actress, so when Minnie began to play longer parts with more dialogue it was necessary to call in someone with stage training, and so Miss Seabrook took over some of the work.

Walt Disney is, of course, Mickey, and will remain so, and his strongest rival is the man who plays Donald the Duck, whose strange nasal “yap” (for want of a more expressive word) has made him famous.

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ROAD CCCCRASHES …
FACT: PRINCESS DIANA AND DODI FAYED COULD HAVE LIVED IF EACH HAD BEEN WEARING A SEAT BEAT, ACCORDING TO THE UK TRANSPORT ROAD RESEARCH LABORATORY.
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Donald’s leading lady is an engaging chicken, a part which Miss Seabrook has played. “Oh, he’s lovely,” is what Miss Seabrook says when you ask about Walt Disney. He is, she claims, the most generous and genuine of people.

This story bears out her statement.

“When we were signing up a twelve-page contract for the first proposed radio programmes,” she said, “Walt Disney’s lawyer had to turn round to him at last and tell him he was being unfair to himself. He kept saying, ‘Now, this point’s not fair to these kids,’ and so on." He is a grand person.

In the making of the cartoons the timing is of the utmost importance, and each little speech has to be made to the beat of a metronome in a gadget fastened to the orchestra leader’s ears, so that the speech will fit to a certain number of feet of film.

There are several months between the making of the dialogue and the release of the film, but at the beginning the cast is gathered round a table and the plot and the characters are explained to them.

The idea-men and writers and artists who work this out are tremendously keen,” said Miss Seabrook. “The little creatures are all absolutely real people to them, and they go to endless trouble to make their ideas absolutely real to us, too.

“It is most fascinating and delightful work, though it is more or less anonymous and therefore does not offer any promise of a glamorous personal career.”

SOURCE: from Sydney Post, 1930.

NEXT: The Walt Disney story. “I don’t have depressed moods – and I don’t want to have any.

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ROAD CCCCRASHED …
HOT TIP: HEADACHES, FIDGETING, TENSION, NERVOUSNESS, YAWNING OR POOR CONCENTRATION ARE SIGNS OF FATIGUE. DON’T FIGHT IT. LET FRESH AIR CIRCULATE IN THE CAR, SHARE THE DRIVING AND EAT LIGHT FOOD.

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Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 06 September 19

GOLD! Victoria and NSW were two of the richest places on the globe until the discovery of the ‘yellow stuff’

Adapted by Frank Morris

LOTS OF GOLD!

WHAT PART DID THE DISCOVERY OF GOLD PLAY? WERE THE REPONSES EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT?

How could such wealth and an acute level of destitution co-exist, particularly in Victoria? The main sources of economic wealth – gold, commercial agriculture and grazing – reinforced the social inequalities in wealth distribution.

On November 11, 1850, it was announced that the long and sometimes bitter struggle by the residents of the Port Phillip District of NSW for separation had at last borne fruit.

The news was greeted with joy in Melbourne.

Major gold discoveries came within a fortnight of Foundation Day in Victoria. Gold created as many problems as it did benefits.

The discovery of gold in Victoria and NSW during the hectic “roaring fifties” ushered in a decade of unparalleled activity and prosperity. The scope and immensity of these boom years is quickly and graphically demonstrated by a few comparative statistics.

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IN 1904, THE OLYMPICS WAS STAGED IN ST LOUIS, MISSOURI, TOGETHER WITH THE WORLD FAIR – BUT IT WAS NOT A SUCCESS. WAS IT THE CASE WHERE THE WORLD EVENTS WON’T MIX?
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The stream of immigration, which poured into Australia, doubled the population in five years; from 400,000 in 1850 to 800,000 in 1855.

Three years later, the million mark was reached.

Imports into Victoria jumped from $2 million to $24 million between 1850 and 1855 tells a vivid story. In Victoria alone, gold to the value of $2 million was produced in 1851, increasing to $28 million in 1856.

The total yield for Australia during 1851-1860 was $210 million, of which $186 million came from Victoria. Banking received a tremendous impetus during these exciting years.

At the beginning of the decade ten banks were operating. But during the next few years eight new ones were established, the most important being the English, Scottish and Australian Bank in 1852 and the National Bank in 1858.

By 1860, there were seventy-one branch offices compared with only nine branches at the same time 10 years ago.
The immediate effect of the gold discoveries upon the banks was that huge sums of money were needed to exchange for the gold bought.

To meet this demand, banks began to issue their own bank notes which, up to this time, had not been issued on any large scale.

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IN 1906, THE OLYMPICS RETURN TO ATHENS. THESE WERE KNOWN AS THE INTERCALATED GAMES – OR INTERIM – BECAUSE THEY WERE CONSIDERED “UNOFFICIAL” BY THE INTERNATIONAL OLYMPICS COMMITTEE (I.O.C).…………………………………………………………………………………………...........................................................…

In Victoria, notes in circulation increased from $282,000 in 1851 to more than $4 million three years later. There was also a great demand for small change, but this could not be met.

The supply of the British coins in use was inadequate; and there were no facilities for minting money. The traders, therefore, began to issue their own copper and bronze token coins, instituting a widely accepted currency, which held public favour for many years.

During the main years of the gold rush the pastoral industry and the agricultural sector suffered. Further expansion and investment in land was forestalled by the gold rush; some runs were even lost as a result of gold finds.

NSW pastoral industry had reached its peak capacity during 1860s, due mainly to land restrictions … New land was opened for settlement during the 1870s, and many people took up selection, hoping to become self-sufficient.

In Victoria, by 1881, there was a dramatic structural shift in the economy. Gold mining, the mainstay of economic life in the 1850s, was no longer the major activity …

But after the gold rush had exhausted itself in both colonies, by 1881, Melbourne population was one-third of Victoria, and Melbourne was recognised as the financial capital of Australia.

SOURCE: From Australian Teachers/Eureka Stockade Package; R.A. Gage, Poverty Abounding Charity Aplenty, Hale & Iremonger, Sydney.

Below: Shapes and sizes … who gives a damn. As long as it’s real!

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RAZZLE DAZZLE OLYMPICS …
IT’S 1908, AND THERE WAS BITTER RIVALRY IN STORE BETWEEN BRITISH AND AMERICAN TEAMS AT THE LONDON OLYMPICS. MEANTIME, THE FINNS AND THE RUSSIANS FOUGHT AMONG THEMSELVES. ICE SKATING IS ADDED TO THE GAMES. THE AUSTRALIAN RUGBY FOOTBALL TEAM TOOK OUT AUSSIE’S ONLY GOLD MEDAL.


VALE: Tim Fischer wrote about “an end of steam” in his final book

TIM FISCHER

HUFFING AND PUFFING …

FORMER NATIONAL PARTY POLITICIAN TIM FISCHER, WHO DIED ON AUGUST 22, WILL HAVE A STATE FUNERAL IN ALBURY, NSW.

There is real possibility the ‘through’ steam locomotive operation will end between Brisbane and Toowoomba, with tourist steam trains banned.

Both proposals for the Inland Freight Rail direct from Brisbane to Melbourne, go through a proposed 7.6-kilometre tunnel under the Great Dividing Range near Toowoomba, intended to greatly ease grades and build efficiencies.

It is envisaged this will be a dual-gauge tunnel with plenty of height clearance to allow double stacking of containers.

With this super tunnel opening, the existing steep main line through Helidon and Spring Bluff will most likely close; although there is a strong case to be made for keeping open the section from Toowoomba down as far as Spring Bluff, especially for the annual flower and garden activities each spring.

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FANNY DURACK BECAME AUSTRALIA’S FIRST FEMALE GOLD MEDALLIST AT THE 1912 STOCKHOLM OLYMPICS. THE 800m RELAY TEAM ALSO GAINED GOLD. MORE THAN 2500 ATHLETES FROM 28 NATIONS WERE TAKING PART.…………………………………………………………………………………………...........................................................…

Owing to ventilation problems, trains will not be permitted to operate under steam through any tunnel more than 7 kilometres long, although they could be towed through at middle-range speeds by diesel-electric locomotives.

Essentially, this signals the end of the occasional steam train special travelling up and down the range between Brisbane and Toowoomba.

It reflects progress, but once again, it will come at the expense of the magnificent sight of a steam locomotive chugging up steep grades and trailing a lovely flume of smoke. – Adapted by Frank Morris.

SOURCE: Steam Australia: Locomotives that Galvanised The Nation.

Below: Tim Fischer gives a full hand of thanks to Ghan on a recent journey.

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RAZZLE DAZZLE OLYMICS …
IN 1916, THE GAMES WERE CANCELLED BECAUSE OF WORLD WAR 1. INSTEAD OF NEWS PICTURES OF THE OLYMPIC GAMES, WE HAD FIRST PHOTOGRAPHS OF VICTORY ON THE BATTLEFIELD! – FM.


Ginger Meggs – 97 years young, and is drawing in the fans!

FRANK MORRIS

US FELLERS, THE START OF GINGER MEGGS!

THE INSPIRATION BEHIND GINGER MEGGS’ NAME.

Ross Russell was a social columnist for The Advertiser, and the daughter of Lloyd Dumas and his wife, Daisy Hall.

Russell was once asked by cartoonist Jimmy Bancks, a great friend, what was her name. She told him it was “Rosslyn Ginger Mash”.

Bancks had named the cartoon Ginger Smith. But, after he had detailed conversation with Rosslyn, he changed it to Ginger Meggs.

Ginger Meggs made his debut in the first coloured comic section of the Sunday Sun (Sydney) to appear in an Australian newspaper on November 13, 1921. The strip, known as Us Fellers, was drawn by “a promising young artist” J.C. Bancks.

The strip, currently appearing in Australian papers, is syndicated overseas to more than 120 newspapers in different languages in 34 countries. Featured in the panel is a slightly modified Ginger drawn by James Challfield.

Challfield took over from James Kemsley, who had drawn Ginger since March 18, 1984. Kemsley died of motor neurone disease in 2007. Other artists to have the strip include Vivian (1953-1973) and Piper (1973-1984).

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BELGIUM, 1920, STAGES THE POSTWAR OLYMPICS AT ANTWERP. THE EFFECTS OF THE WORLD WAR MADE PERFORMANCES ONLY FAIR TO MIDDLING. THERE WERE ABOUT 3000 ATHLETES FROM 29 NATIONS. OLYMPIC FLAG AND MOTTO FLEW FOR THE FIRST TIME. – FM.
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Bancks created the strip at the behest of the great editor, Monty Grover.

The early strips featured the adventures of “a beguiling little girl” called Gladsome Gladys. He was tired of the restriction imposed by the character and decided to develop one of the supporting ‘players’ – a tear-away kid called Ginger. Ginger came into prominence in December 1921.

And in 1922, Gladsome Gladys had vanished from the panel.

The comic was renamed Ginger Meggs in November 1939. In 1951, Bancks decamped from the Sunday Sun after 29 years and transferred to the Sunday Telegraph and later to the Sun-Herald (Sydney).

Bancks died in 1952.

SOURCE: Ross Russel died in 2012.

Below: Ginger Meggs and his ‘family’ of Australia artists.

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HEALTH MATTERS …

SEPTEMBER 1 to 30: DEMENTIA MONTH. JOIN IN THE PROMOTIONS THAT’S HELD BY SPECIAL GROUPS. www.fightdementia.org.au

Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 30 August 19

VIETNAM WAR: The End. The living-room war -- television brought new conflict into our lives

Adapted by FRANK MORRIS

GETTING READY!

NIGHTLY WE COULD SEE THOUSANDS MARCH FOR “PEACE” IN THE STREETS OF AUSTRALIA AND AMERICA. AUSTRALIA’S INVOLVEMENT BEGAN WITH 30 MEN IN 1962 AND FINISHED IN 1972 AFTER 50,190 AUSTRALIANS HAD SERVED.

By 1972, all Australian combat troops were withdrawn from Vietnam, and after the election of the Labor government in 1972, the last advisers were also discontinued.

Counting the cost of the number of men that were killed was hard for incumbent politicos to take.

Over the ten years, they were involved in Vietnam the Australians lost 424 killed and 2369 wounded. Altogether 50,190 men serves in Vietnam, 15,542 of whom were conscripted.

Many casualties did not emerge until later. Illnesses arising from tropical diseases and the effects of chemical defoliants started to come to the fore.

Given this record, one must ask if it was worth it. In military terms, the whole episode was a failure.

As we all know, the South Vietnamese army proved incapable of turning the tide; and in 1975, Saigon was occupied by the armies of North Vietnam. In social terms the effects of the war were disastrous.

Australian society was divided by the war. One side calling the others ‘commies’ and the other imperialists.
Young men were placed in jail for the refusing to enlist and ‘draft dodging’ became a common offence.

Most importantly, the Vietnam War was the first conflict in its history that Australians felt ambivalent about.
What’s happening in America?

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RAZZLE DAZZLE OLYMPICS …
IN THE 1880s, BARON PIERRE DE COUBERTIN INTRODUCES THE IDEA THAT THERE SHOULD BE A WORLD SPORTING FESTIVAL – ALL SPORTS – TO THE PEOPLE OF THE GLOBE LIKE THOSE OF ANCIENT GREECE.  IN THE 1890s, SOME OF EUROPE’S ROYALTY AND A GREEK TYCOON, EXPRESS INTEREST AND MONEY IN THE IDEA. – FM.
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In 1961, reporters W.E. Garrett and Peter White went to Vietnam to report on how “South Viet Nam Fights the Red Tide”.

This piece, published three years before Congress passed the Resolution … authorising presidential action in Vietnam and four years before a large-scale commitment of US troops, accurately and eerily warned of what was in store.

While Garrett’s photographs were of the conventional travelogue variety, White’s text was conspicuously grim.

”Quietly and relentlessly, without the world hardly aware of it yet, the rich country in the south was slipping ever deeper into a calculatedly cruel civil war.

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RAZZLE DAZZLE OLYMPICS …
THE FIRST MODERN OLYMPIC GAMES WAS STAGED AT ATHENS IN 1896. THE KING OF GREECE PRESENTS WINNERS WITH A GOLD MEDAL AND AN OLIVE BRANCH. AUSTRALIA’S EDWIN FLACK WAS A MEMBER OF NEARLY 300 ATHLETES FROM 13 NATIONS TAKING PART. FLACK BECOMES THE WORLD’S FIRST DOUBLE GOLD MEDALLIST, WINNING THE 800M AND 1500M FINALS. – FM.
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“From dusk to dawn, the Viet Cong ruled nearly half of South Viet Nam”, wrote White.

Further on in the article, White wrote: “What will happen to Vietnam!” The person replied: “I hope for a miracle to save us.”

White ended his article this way: “As our old primers say: Man is born good, but life makes him bad.”

It is estimated that between August 4, 1964 and January 27, 1973, 8,744,000 Americans saw service in Vietnam.

Nevertheless, on April 30, 1975, South Vietnam surrendered to the communists.

SOURCE: Australian Two Hundred Years; The National Geographic Magazine.


SHAPES & SIZES: The fast clipper ships! They ruled the world with their speed and sailing prowess

This is the Flying Cloud, it was one of the winged messengers of man. The clipper ships from the 1830s through to the 1860s were also the loveliest of them all.

The Flying Cloud made a brilliant run in 1851 from New York to San Francisco in 89 days, sailing 17,597 statute miles at average of 222 miles each day.
 

COMING: Clipper Days – the winged messengers of man!


FLASHBACK: Cabbie was his name, but finding fame was not easy!

FRANK MORRIS

‘CABBIE’ WAS A GRADUATE OF HARD KNOCKS!

"‘CABBIE’ WAS A SPITTING IMAGE OF A MATE OF MINE”

He lived in Mortdale but he moved round a lot. But to set the record straight: I’ll introduce him as Sydney cartoonist John Neal.

Well, Neal is as knockabout as some of the characters that come off his drawing board.

And Cabbie, his latest protégé, is no exception.

In the short time that Cabbie’s weekly adventures have been played out, his popularity has soared.

An RSL driver told Front Lines (a column I used to write for the newspaper) that Cabbie “was the spitting image” of his best mate.

“We’re thinking of starting a fan club,” another driver said.

Neal was amused but not surprised at Cabbie’s new-found fame. “I had an idea he’d make a name for himself someday.”

Neal describes Cabbie as a “street-wise little bloke” who become the victim of situations, no matter what the circumstances.

“But Cabbie is a graduate from the school of hardknock and he keeps bouncing back for another serve,” Neal said, with a slight smile.

Since leaving school at 14, Neal’s occupations have been many and varied – printer, journalist, truckies’ labourer and part-time parrot shooter.

He started taking cartooning seriously during a stint in the Army. His work was soon in demand, and his interpretation of military life began to appear in Army publications throughout Australia and in Vietnam.

In 1970, he won the Bicentenary Award for a cartoon depicting the problems and aims of the Australian Aborigines.

For many years he drew Bert the Boardman for Surcharge, a newspaper published by the NSW Water Board Salaried Officers Union.

Bert’s antics actually averted several industrial disputes and he was finally nominated for a Walkley Award – Australian journalism’s Oscar – before he punched the Bundy clock for the last time in 1980.

In the late 1970s Neal breathed new life into the famous comic-duo Bluey and Curley for the Sydney Telegraph, following in the footsteps and Les Dixon and the late Alex Gurney.

The comic finish when Neal went on strike with the journalist’s on the newspaper. He returned to journalism.

I will always remember my mate, John. My association with John Neal goes back 33 years. 

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AT THE CLUB …
COMING SOON! CLUBS ARE ONE OF THE GREATEST HARBINGERS OF ALL-ROUND SONG AND DANCE TALENT IN AUSTRALIA. I PENNED OVER 2500 AT THE CLUB COLUMNS IN EIGHT YEARS.
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We worked together as journalists on freelance projects as well. Neal was not an only colleague but a friend and good mate too. He was generous to a fault. But Neal preferred to be known as a “knockabout cartoonist” rather than a journalist.

In an interview before he died, he explained himself: “The whole point of the exercise was to gives people a good laugh and at least for a while forget their hassles.”

John Neal’s “new chum” was called Cabbie.

Like Neal, Cabbie was a typical knockabout Aussie. This is one different, though: he’s a taxi driver. You can laugh at him. Laugh with him. It made little difference to the number one standover man.

John drew the popular Bluey and Curley strip during the late 1970s, so he knew what “having a laugh on us” really meant.

The devil has his way, in more than one.

I recall a conversation with John in which told me he experimented with the devil.

He was going to sign his name “O’Neal” -- using the devil’s “6” to form the “O”. He used “the devil’s influence” right through the Cabbie series, but nothing much seemed to happen.

“How’s the devil going in your life,” I asked.

He looked at me. Nothing had happened, so it must be working. We left it at that.

John Neal died in June, 1997. He was aged 54.

Below: Les Dixon, Eric Jolliffe and Jim Russel – all leading cartoonist. John followed Les Dixon in doing Bluey & Curely for the last time.

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RAZZLE DAZZLE OLYMPICS …
IN 1900, THE SECOND OLYMPIAD, DESPITE GREEK PROTESTS, WAS HELD IN PARIS, FRANCE. SWIMMING, FOR THE FIRST TIME, APPEARED ON THE CALENDAR. AUSTRALIA’S FRED LANE TOOK OUT THE GOLD FOR THE 200M OBSTACLE RACE. – FM.
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Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 23 August 19

MEN’S HEALTH: Men ignored doctors’ advice many years ago. It’s a bad decision, say experts!

FRANK MORRIS

MORE MEN THAN WOMEN REFUSE TO GO TO A DOCTOR.

THAT WAS A LONG, LONG TIME AGO. THE POINT IS, IT’S STILL HAPPENING. 

This is what I wrote in 2001:

The first Australian survey by AGB McNair into prostate disease over 10 years ago, showed that one in three men aged over 50 had at least one symptom of the disease.

Hard on the heels of this alarming report, the medical profession issued a stark warning – ignore it at your peril.

The upshot, it seems, the penny didn’t “drop loudly enough”. In 2001, ten thousand of the men will be, nationally, diagnosed with cancer; most of them aged over 50. Twenty-five percent, one in four of this group, will die.

“They had ignored the warning”, experts would say.

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THE GREAT AUSSIE FIRST …
WESTERN FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT, WILFRED BURCHETT, IN 1945, WAS THE FIRST NEWSMAN TO ENTER HIROSHIMA AFTER THE ATOMIC BOMB WAS DROPPED. – FM.
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Here is some timely advice from the Men’s Health Week: “In the mental health realm, we encourage men to seek help when something in wrong.”

Men’s Health Week, ACT, recommends that “to improve men’s health is a two-way street involving men, women and their families – and the health services.”

When it comes to mental health problems, research shows men are more likely to die by suicide than women.

With statistics even higher for men living in “rural and remote communities”.

Gerrit Williemse, psychologist at Marathon Health, says “stereotypes that suggest men bottle-up their emotions and handle things alone are completely unrealistic and damaging”.

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THE GREAT AUSSIE FIRST …
NATIVE-BORN HORSES WERE SHIPPED TO INDIA FOR USE BY THE BRITISH ARMY IN 1846. THE HORSES, KNOWN AS ‘WALERS’ – A TERM COINED IN CALCUTTA. ORIGINALLY IT MEANT THEY WERE NEW SOUTH WALES BRED, AND WERE CHOSEN BECAUSE OF THEIR STAMINA, PATIENCE AND COURAGE. -- FM.
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He says the real strength “is telling someone you trust that you aren’t doing well; it’s asking your mates if they’re okay.”

“Men aged 18 to 34 with heart problems, are more than twice as likely than their female counterparts to have four or more risk factors of heart disease”.

Tony Stubbs, ACT CEO of the Heart Foundation, says “Over 30 percent of men in Australia have high cholesterol and almost 75 percent are overweight or obese.

”Walking is a great way for men to reduce these risk factors.”

SOURCE: mensheathweek.org.au; prostate Cancer Foundation – prostate.org.au/

Below: Gentleman make an appointment with the receptionist for a check-up.


AUST v. ENGLAND: Star of the past 70 years. They were the nation’s back-stop!

Adapted by FRANK MORRIS

McCABE AND BRADMAN HEAD OUT IN BRIGHT SUNSHINE FOR THE START OF 1933 TEST SERIES.

Stan McCabe was a genius. McCabe was the brilliant and graceful right-handed batsmen who played three of the most glorious innings in Test cricket.

Without doubt, McCabe was one of Australia’s finest batsman.

In 1932, adventurous by instinct he made a most audacious and classic 187 n.o (25 fours) in Sydney against the blast and fury of Jardine’s English bodyline attack.

Three years later, 1935, in Johannesburg against South Africa, showing his characteristic precision of timing, he made 189 no, in 195 minutes (29 fours); his first 100 in only 91 minutes.

His most enchanting innings displaying skill, power and courage, was in the Nottingham Test in England in 1938.

He saved Australia with an innings of 232, reaching the double century in an amazing 225 minute; his last 127 runs in 80 minutes.

In 39 Tests, Stan scored 2748 runs (6 centuries) at an average of 48.21. He took 36 Test wickets with deceptive medium pacers, and held 42 catches, mainly at second slip.

In 37 Sheffield Shield matches, 24 as Captain of NSW, he made 3031 runs at an average on 55.10. No doubt World War 2 robbed him of more great innings.

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HERE’S A WORLD FIRST …
IN 1968, THE FIRST HUMAN HEART TRANSPLANT WAS PERFORMED IN SOUTH AFRICA. A SECOND TRANSPLANT WAS DONE IN 1974, BOTH PATIENTS DIED. – FM.
......................................................................…………………………………………………………………………………

SOURCE: Hall of Champions. Sports House, 157 Gloucester St, Sydney.

BELOW: Stan McCabe. Stood the blast and fury of a Jardine bodyline attack.


Come on? Taste the dried fruits of Australia! Final.

Adapted by FRANK MORRIS

FEEL LIKE A DRIED APRICOT, OR DRIED PEARS, OR …

IT REQUIRES 6KG OF FRESH TREE FRUITS TO PRODUCE 1KG OF PRUNES, SUN-DRIED APRICOTS, PEACHES AND PEARS.

APRICOT

Although the botanical name suggests Armenia, it is generally agreed that the apricot originated in China … 2205BC.

Apricots were introduced to Europe via the silk route through the Far East, and then through the Mediterranean area by the Arabs.

In early times, the apricot was grown on a considerable scale in Upper Egypt where the fruits were dried for sale throughout Europe.

Dried apricots have the most concentrated dietary fibre of any fruit.

They are also a valuable source of iron and provide potassium, carotene, niacin and important B complex vitamins.

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GREAT KIWI FIRST …
GO NZ! ANYONE FOR PAVLOVA? THIS RICH SWEET DISH OF MERINGUE AND MARSHMELLOW TOPPED WITH WHIPPED CREAM AND FRUIT, AND ORGINATED IN NZ; NAMED AFTER THE CELEBRATED RUSSIAN BALLERINA ANNA PAVLOVA, WHO TWICE TOURED NZ IN THE 1920s.
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PRUNE

During the reign of Henry VIII, it was advised to ‘gather damson plums and dry them in the sun or a hot oven; in this way they could be kept for a year.’

In earlier centuries, plums were dried on racks in small caves.

The Australian prune is a hybrid of the cherry plum and sloe or blackthorn, probably originating in the Caucasus region where forests of wild plum trees existed thousands of years ago.

Many other species of wild plum grew across Britain, Europe and Asia.

Prunes are an important source of dietary fibre, potassium, iron and carotene. They also contain valuable calcium and B complex vitamins.

Prunes, like all dried fruits, contain absolutely no fat or added sugar.

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HEALTH MATTERS …
AUGUST 1 TO 31: NATIONAL TRADIES MONTH – TIPS HELP YOU YOUR JOB WITHOUT ANY PAIN.
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PEACH

As the Romans found the peach growing in present-day Iran, the former country of Persia, they designated it ‘persica’.

In fact, the peach is a native of China -- like the apricot. It travelled the same silk route, it is recorded that peaches were being cultivated in China as early as 2000 BC.

As a compact and highly nutritious food, dried peaches were chosen as the fruit for Neil Armstrong and his team on their expedition to the moon in 1969.

They are a very good source of dietary fibre, potassium, iron, carotene, niacin and other B complex vitamins.

PEAR

The wild pear originally grew in large forests in Europe and Northern Asia.

There’s historical evidence of hybridisation of several Pyrus species and this may have contributed to the development of the cultivated Pyrus communis.

There is little evidence of use by early man, but the pear’s natural flavour and beauty were recognised in Roman times when they were eaten and painted frequently.

Dried pears are excellent source of dietary fibre and potassium; they contain small quantities of iron, calcium, carotene and B complex vitamins.

SOURCE: Australian Studies Magazine.

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IN THE NEWS – 90 YEARS AGO …
DURING THE PAST FEW YEARS, GAY SEABROOK VOICED MINNIE MOUSE SINCE SHE BECAME THE HIT OF THE TOWN. BUT THE FIRST GIRL WHO DID THE VOICE WAS A STAFFER WHEN MINNIE ONLY SAID A FEW WORDS. WHEN MINNIE BECAME MORE INVOLVED, SHE NEEDED LONGER DIALOGUE, AND MORE FEELING. THAT’S WHERE GAY SEABROOK TOOK OVER. MINNIE MOUSE WAS A SUCCESS. – FM.

Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 16 August 19

GRAND YEARS WILL RETURN NEXT WEEK

Stay tuned everyone

Grand Years will return next Friday

Many thanks

Frank Morris

Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 09 August 19

1933 Australia v. England: Bodyline Bowling – It’s a menace to the game

FRANK MORRIS

STAN McCABE PUT A MARK ON HIS GLORIOUS INNINGS BY PLAYING A BALL OFF LARWOOD, ENGLAND’S MOST CONTROVERSIAL BODYLINE BOWLER.

ENGLISHMAN JARDINE INTRODUCED SOME OF THE FIERCEST TACTICS THAT HE KNEW THE LAWS OF CRICKET WOULD ALLOW!

English cricketers left nothing to chance when they came to Australia in 1932.

The blue-collar cricketers set out to recover the Ashes after suffering a humiliating defeat in the 1930 Test series in England.

Nothing but nothing was going to stand in their way – not even the magic bat of Don Bradman.

Bradman’s tremendous success during the 1930 tour had convinced the English selectors that new leadership was needed if the Ashes were to be brought back to England.

When the third test got under way in Adelaide in January, 1933, spectators didn’t realise that they were about to witness one of the most controversial sporting events of the century.

Spearheaded by Douglas Jardine, the English introduced some of the fiercest tactics the laws of cricket would allow.
Their main strategy was the infamous ‘bodyline’ bowling – a constant delivery of short-pitched fast balls which aimed at the batman’s head and shoulders.

“The batsman was like a bear in a cage being pelted with stones by naughty children,” writes historian Nic Van Oudtshoorn.

The tactics were not only frightening and difficult for the batsmen, but caused injury.  To play the ball meant the risk of being caught.  Not to play it meant the greater risk of being hit.

The Australian Captain, Bill Woodfull, was felled by a fast ball near the heart.  Bert Oldfield had his skull fractured.

Jardine’s terror tactics erupted in a public outcry.  There was fighting and riots, and Australian dockworkers boycotted British ships.

“Bodyline bowling is a menace to the game…and unsportsmanlike,” protested Australian cricket official, Mr W.Jeanes.

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IN THE NEWS …
IN THE UNITED STATES, RUSSI TAYLOR, THE WOMAN WHO VOICED MINNIE MOUSE FOR MORE THAN THREE DECADES, HAS DIED AT 75. THE CAUSE OF HER DEATH IS NOT YET KNOWN. MISS TAYLOR MARRIED THE MAN WHO SUPPLIED THE VOICE FOR MICKEY MOUSE, WAYNE ALLWINE FROM 1991. HE DIED IN 2009.
……………………………………………………………………………….........................................................................…

Below: This is not cricket, its war, says Larwood.

Grimmett: There’s hope for the English team now the bodyline is dead, said Neville Cardus

Adapted by FRANK MORRIS

CAPTAIN DOUGLAS JARDINE IS OUT AND THE BODYLINE EVENT IS OVER!

“Jardine’s retirement is a great loss,” says Neville Cardus. “Australians know my attitude on bodyline – I do not regret one word I have written or said on that subject.

“I oppose bodyline for two reasons.

“Firstly, because it will not go down with the public, who do not want to watch an attack directed at the batsman’s body.  Australian crowds are not singular in this respect – the Oval, Old Trafford, and other crowds similarly would resent bodyline.

“Secondly, is that bodyline spoils the beauty of cricket as a spectacle; it is an ugly form of attack.  Some pessimists said that bodyline will kill cricket, but cricket, real cricket, has killed bodyline.

“Nevertheless, this does not affect my admiration for Jardine’s cricketing qualities.  He was a great skipper before bodyline was known, and he will remain a great skipper when bodyline has been forgotten.

“It is tragic that a captain of Maclaren’s and Jackson’s class should drop out, for Jardine is a captain worthy of the Australians.

“I disagreed with his tactics, but if his retirement was due to those tactics then it merely adds another damning line in bodyline’s epitaph.

“I believe Wyatt will succeed Jardine as captain.  Valentine is still too young, but Wyatt is Woodfull’s English counterpart.  Perhaps both lack genius and inspiration, but they know cricket on and off the field.

“Woodfull’s personality and character have done much to dissolve bitterness, and I believe that the fact that he opposed bodyline greatly influenced the MCC attitude towards it,” said Cardus.

Apart from the obvious choices amongst the players who visited Australia and India, Mr Cardus believes that J. Iddon (Lancashire) may force his way into the Tests.

Cardus declared that the more he studies the Australian team the more he respects its ability.

AUSTRALIA V. ENGLAND FOR THE ASHES, 2O19. WE WISH ALL THE AUSTRALIAN PLAYERS THE VERY BEST IN THEIR CURRENT BID FOR VICTORY.

Below: Harold Larwood describes himself as “the hangman”.


GREAT KIWI FIRST: America Cup’s – NZ wins classic with “flawless” sailing!

FRANK MORRIS

THIS WAS A DRUBBING.

BY 1995, NEW ZEALAND HAD WORKED THEIR MAGIC.

For 132 years the Americans have proved their invincibility by whipping challenger after challenger to keep one of the world’s oldest and best known international trophies, the America’s Cup.

It seemed that the baroque silver ‘mug’ was to be permanently encased at the New York Yacht club.

Writing in a major publication on the Cup’s history, Sir James Hardy, who helmed two Australian challengers, said “One might have felt that the America’s Cup looked unattainable such was the consistency and thoroughness of the Americans.

After several campaigns beginning in 1967, the Australians struck it lucky. In 1983, Australia II had a four to three victory over Liberty.

The Americans weren’t invincible, after all. Challengers came from near and far. The New Zealanders worked their magic for the first time in 1995, by impressively snatching the Cup in Black Magic I from Dennis Connor’s Young America, 5-0, at San Diego.

The Kiwi victory was described as “a team effort from stern to stern”.

In 1999, the world’s best sailors descended on Auckland Harbour to decide who will challenge Team New Zealand for the 2000 America’s Cup. In the end, Italy’s Prada team proved no match for the Kiwis. The Italian challenger, Luna Rossa, was thrashed by New Zealand 5-0.

Writes Time magazine of the victory: “There were echoes of 1995…the same winning margin and with the same crushing flair”. With their flawless sailing, Team New Zealand made history too.

That win made New Zealand the smallest country ever to compete in the Cup and only the second to take it from the US, Time reported.

Could the Kiwis do the unthinkable again in 2003?

As it turns out, the Kiwis were defeated soundly in the series.
.....................................................................…………………………………………………………………………………….
THE GREAT AUSSIE FIRST …
IN 1955, ROBERT TUDAWALI, OF JEDDA FAME, BECAME THE FIRST ABORIGINAL FILM STAR. JEDDA LEAVES HER NICE SAFE EXISTENCE … WHEN KIDNAPPED BY AN OLDER STRANGER. “TADAWALI’S STUNNING PERSONALITY ADDS TO THE FILM ABOUT LIVING FULLY AND TAKING THE CONSEQUENCES”. – FM.
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HOME-CARE A-Z: A case of depression – it slowly gets on top of you!

“LOUISE”    

Adapted by FRANK MORRIS

I UNDERSTAND THE SAYING: I WAKE AND FELL INTO DARKNESS.

THIS STORY IS TAKEN FROM HER OWN EXPERIECE WITH DEPRESSION.

Here I am, in my early fifties, living on my own. Never before have I been afraid.

I was aware, at this stage, that my sleep was being interrupted, and it worried me. It was beginning to breakup into short, sleeping modules.

I wake up at 1.30 am; then 3.30 am; And then 5.30am. And the darkness. It was a black cloud pervading my being.

Thing worsen. For a time the darkness lifts by noon, and I can forget those terrible early hours without sleep. I dread going to sleep, to face that wakeful night. Now I understand the saying: “I wake and fell into darkness”.

I visit two different doctors … and I act with preconceived … indignation and horror … at the thought of taking hormones and antidepressants.

………………………………………………………………………………….....................................................................….
THE GREAT FIRST …
IN 1917, THE SURF WAS AUSTRALIA’S “WORLD FIRST SURFING” MAGAZINE. AFTER 20 ISSUES, IT FOLDED IN 1918. THE GREAT WAR WAS TO BLAME. THE SURF WAS POSSIBLY ONE OF THE FIRST IN THE WORLD TO FOCUS PRIMARILY ON SURF-RIDING AND BEACH ACTIVITIES. – FM.
………………………………………………………………………………….........................................................................

Surely, I need to assert – yes -- my will power. And –yes -- my positive thinking!

My decision is to try hormones. But their effect is negative. I become more and more depressed. Each day – darkness. And something new appears: anxiety. I have nothing to worry about specifically, and yet I feel anxious all the time.

Soon, my stomach starts to be painful; burning after every meal. I have not slept through the night for a couple of months. Another trip to the doctor and then to a specialist, but this time they reveal incipient ulcers.

Then follows three months of the elimination of foods. Nothing seems to help. Every day is ridden with pain. Soon I am having almost no variety of foods. My anxiety level increases. I experience some horrible thoughts that cross my mind. Even the house haunted me.

When I looked back over the months, the matter is well and truly out of hand. I feel I am getting worse. But, stubbornly, I still refuse to consider taking medication. My nights are a horror of sleeplessness. People are kind in offering me advice on what to do.

……………………………………………………………………………….........................................................................…
THE GREAT AUSSIE FIRST …
IN 1934 ACTRESS, JOURNALIST AND NOVELIST MARY MARLOWE, WHO HAD HER OWN SESSION ON RADIO, WAS THE FIRST TO INTRODUCE “INFORMAL” INTERVIEWS ON THE MEDIUM. – FM.
………………………………………………………………………………….........................................................................

Now, I go to a psychiatrist. My resistance to antidepressants remains firm. My depression has lifted a little during the early stages of my appointments. The need for antidepressants seems small.

Then, a lot has started to happen. I would wring my hands in agitation. I cannot make a simple decision. I cannot concentrate. Afraid of doing anything, even getting on a bus. Being alone causes complete panic.

I finally decided to try antidepressants, but it takes time to find the right level. There was a lot of grief in the early periods.

Now, my brain is starting to function correctly. My stomach pains lessen; and I can eat a variety of foods again. I have hope that I will be well again.

Depression, I am told, is a chemical imbalance in the brain. For months, I resisted this view. But slowly change occurs. My anxiety lessens.

The psychiatrist, who showed such patience and understanding and compassion, taught me to have tender regard for all with mental health problems.

The experience of depression has brought me a deeper understanding for anxiety, depression and mental illness.
SOURCE: Adapted from the International Mental Health, America.

Below: My condition taught me how to value good health.

COMING: Home Care, A-Z – Australians are sleeping less than they used to; how much sleep do we really need?

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COMING FEATURES …
SURFER PEARL TURTON, FANTASTIC VOYAGE, HEADLINE HUNTER JOHN FROST, ROAD CCCCRASH, CHANGING MEN, HISTORIC HOTELS AND VICTORIA AFTER THE GOLD BOOM.
NEXY WEEK: Come on! Taste some of Australia’s dried fruits!

Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 02 August 19

DONATE AN ORGAN: This occurs only after death!

Adapted by FRANK MORRIS

BEFORE YOU DIE, HAVE YOUR ORGANS PASSED ON TO SOMEONE IN NEED.

BRAIN-DEATH HAPPENS WHEN THE BRAIN STOPS FUNCTIONING.

More than 30,000 Australians have received transplants in the last 60 years.

For people with serious or life threatening illness, organ or tissue donation may mean a second chance at life.

Improved survival rates now mean that most recipients of organs or tissue can look forward to a better quality of life.

Organ and tissue donation can only occur after death.

Usually, organ donation is only considered after several tests have been carried out by two appropriately qualified senior doctors to establish whether brain death has taken place.

Brain-death occurs when the brain stop functioning and there is no possibility of recovery.
The way in which a person dies will generally determine what they are to donate.

In most cases, organs – heart, lungs, liver, pancreas, kidney – can only be donated if a person has died in a intensive can unit under special circumstances. Less than 1% of all people who pass away died this way in hospital.

Generally, organ donation may be possible after a person’s heart has stopped beating; but this is rare.

People are sometimes concerned or confused about the difference between brain death  or coma. Both organs are very different.

A patient in a coma is unconscious because their brain is injured in some way, although their brain continues to function and, in all likehood, may heal.

Medical tests on a patient can clearly show the difference between brain and coma death.

A greater number of people have the chance to donate tissue for transplantation -- eye, heart valves, bone and skin. The reason: tissue donation does not require the same special treatment as organs do for transplantation to be successful.

[The Australian Organ Donor Register 1800 552 152. Email:aodr@medicareaustralia.gov.au/organ
Address: Reply Paid 711 Hobart, TAS 7001]

SOURCE: Contact the Donation Register in your state.

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GREAT KIWI FIRST …
GO NZ! INVENTOR JOHN BRITTEN’S SUPER-BIKE, THE BRITTEN V1000, IS A SYMBOL OF “GREAT KIWI INGENUITY”, CLAIMS HISTORIAN RICHARD WOLFE.
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SHAPES & SIZES: Chinese junk! What our demi-craft grew into becomes a giant of the sea

A JUNK IS A TYPE OF ANCIENT CHINESE CRAFT THAT WAS BUILT DURING THE 2ND CENTURY AND DEVELOPED RAPIDLY DURING THE SONG DYNASTY. SAILORS REFERRED TO THEM AS “JUNKS”. THEY HAVE CLOTH SAILS WHICH ARE “STRENGTHENED WITH BAMBOO POLES”. LARGE JUNKS HAVE FIVE MASTS. JUNKS WERE THE FIRST SHIPS “TO HAVE A RUDDER” FOR SAILORS TO BE ABLE TO STEER THEM.


VALE: Margaret Fulton dies at 94; she “opened the world of flavours”, said a newspaper

FRANK MORRIS

MARGARET AND WOMAN’S DAY WHICH, AFTER SPENDING 19 YEARS AS COOKING EDITOR, LEFT TO JOIN RUPERT MURDOCK ‘S NEW IDEA.

THE FEISTY COOKBOOK QUEEN, MARGARET FULTON, BECAME A LEDGEND OF HER TIME.

The pioneer cookbook writer, Margaret Fulton, who led Australian women to cook meals of great exotic flavours, died on Wednesday, (July 24) aged 94.

It was the end of an era.

Her Margaret Fulton Cookbook inspired generations to cook like they never cooked before, bringing home cooking to a fine art.

The Australian book publishing industry was rocked by revolutionary change in the 1960s. “The swing to paperbacks…powerful new groupings that have emerged through takeovers, and foreign invasions are changing the old order,” reported The Bulletin's Michael Baume in 1966.

A typical invader was Englishman Paul Hamlyn, who “stormed the world, selling to people who had never bought books before.”

Australian publishers were slow to recognise that through creative and imaginative marketing and packaging it was possible to sell books like soap!

The Hamlyn books had a unique “buy-me” appeal.

Hamlyn's approach, says Kevin Weldon, was to exploit high traffic areas in major department stores, impulse buying “and all the modern marketing techniques the book world had studiously ignored.”

Until the Hamlyn Group utilised television in Australia, Weldon says, “nobody in the world had ever promoted a book on TV before.”

And, of course, the legendary Margaret Fulton Cookbook, which ended up selling over 1.5 million copies.
A profile on Margaret Fulton in the Good Weekend magazine, says that “Paul Hamlyn cleverly chose Margaret (Fulton) to write the cookbook.”

According to Kevin Weldon, the first Margaret Fulton Cookbook was a compilation of Fulton's articles from the Woman's Day magazine.

The re-using of such material had been arranged with Tom Farrell, the chief editorial director of the Fairfax Group, who was also responsible for the company's magazine subsidiary, Sungravure.

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GREAT KIWI FIRST …
GO NZ! NEW ZEALAND WON THE AMERICA’S CUP, SAILING’S HOLY GRAIL IN HISTORY-MAKING STYLE IN 1995 AND 1999; WINNING 5-0 ON BOTH OCCASIONS. NZ WAS NOT ONLY THE SMALLEST COUNTRY TO COMPETE, BUT ONLY THE SECOND TO TAKE IT FROM THE US.
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BE ADVENTUROUS: Margaret Fulton Cookbook -- she writes the forward for a run-away bestseller!

Selected by FRANK MORRIS

I have always believed that good food and good cooking are part of all that is best in life, all that is warm, friendly and rewarding; and that love is as essential an ingredient to a good meal as it is to a good marriage.

The most vivid memories of my youth are linked with my mother's kitchen – coming home to the warmth of a log fire and good food, lovingly prepared; the fragrance of freshly-baked shortbread or Dundee cake and, in winter, the pot of welcoming soup.

The highlight of each day was the evening meal, when the family gathered to share not only the food, but the day's happenings. A trying day never seemed so bad at the end of that meal and a good day turned into a celebration.
In my own home I find that a meal, cooked well and with love, works the same magic as it did a generation ago.

Cookery is now accepted as one of the creative arts, and one by which women can express their own individuality.

Never look on this cook book as a set of rigid rules, but rather as a starting point.

Once a dish has been mastered, be adventurous - give it the stamp of your personality by adding your favourite flavours or your choice of garnish.

When preparing this book it was heartwarming to find so many people all over the world wanting to share their recipes and knowledge of food with me. I am very grateful to you all.

I am grateful also to the cooks in Woman's day kitchen who have tested and perfected these recipes with me.

Beginners should not be discouraged from trying out 3-star recipes – just be prepared to give them more time and concentration.

I hope that new cooks will learn these recipes and that experienced cooks will appreciate my interpretation of the classic dishes included in this book.

Bon Appetit

Bonne Cuisine

Margaret Fulton

SOURCE: The Margaret Fulton stories, Grand Years.
Below: Margaret Fulton at the launch.

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AUSTRALIA v. ENGLAND FOR THE ASHES …
FROM AUGUST 1, AUSTRALIA AND ENGLAND WILL BATTLE FOR ONE OF CRICKET’S MOST PRESTIGOUS PRIZES, THE ASHES. IT IS ON THE NINE NETWORK. SEE IT ‘LIVE’ ON ANY DEVICE YOU HAVE AT YOUR FINGERTIPS!
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Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 26 July 19

Come on? Taste the dried fruits of Australia! Part 1.

Adapted by FRANK MORRIS

THERE ARE MANY DRIED FRUITS GROWN THROUGHOUT AUSTRALIA, AND THEIR VARIETY IS A MAIN ATTRACTION.

DRIED GRAPES ARE THE MOST DELECTABLE FRUIT YOU’LL FIND ON ANY MENU.

A PERSON WAS MUNCHING INTO A VITAMIN LADEN PEACH, AND I SAID “WHAT DO YOU THINK OF AUSTRALIAN DRIED FRUITS?” AND THE PERSON REPLIED, “I DON’T KNOW, I HAVEN’T TRIED ANY!”

SEEDED RAISIN

Raisins, together, with apricots, are probably the oldest dried fruits known to humankind and have been enjoyed since ancient times.

Acinatisius was a raisin wine esteemed by the Romans. This fruit was also used at their banquets. Raisin cakes are mentioned in the Old Testament.

Raisins being a dried grape of the large berried Waltham cross or Muscat Gordo Blanco varieties contain seeds. With the help of modern technology, the dried grape can be mechanically seeded; which is of great benefit to the modern cook.

Raisins are a valuable source of dietary fibre and potassium and contain small amounts of iron, calcium, carotene and B complex vitamins.

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GREAT KIWI FIRST …
ALLAN SUTHERLAND, NEARLY 60 YEARS AGO, WROTE: “FIRST EVENTS MAY BE REGARDED AS THE MILESTONE … OF ACHIEVEMENT AND PROGRESS OF A COUNTRY AND ITS PEOPLE. WE LIVE IN A WORLD OF CHANGE. NOTHING HAS CHANGED…”
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CURRANT

Currants were cultivated in Greece. From early times they were dried quickly in the sun due to their size. As this particular grape grew near Corinth, they were given the name ‘currants’.

One of the first accounts of fruit drying in Western Europe was given by the Greek poet Homer, during the period 900-800 BC.

Currants were not generally used in Europe until the Crusades, when they became popular as a valuable alternative to honey.

These tiny purple grapes are related to the sultana and the raisin, coming from the small seedless Zante currant, also known as Black Corinth and the Carina, the new product of Australian vine breeding.

Currants are an excellent source of dietary fibre, as are all dried fruits. They contribute valuable potassium, calcium, carotene, iron and B complex vitamins.

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GREAT KIWI FIRST …
OSCARS GALORE! IN 1993, JANE CAMPION’S THE PIANO WON FOUR OSCARS AND THE COVETED PALME D’OR AT CANNES. SHE WAS THE FIRST WOMAN DIRECTOR TO DO SO. RUSSELL CROWE AND HIS FILM, GLADIATOR, SCOOPED THE OSCAR POOL IN 2001.
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SULTANA

Traditionally, the grape was cultivated in Europe and has been with us a long time.

Vines grew wild in the forests of Asia Minor and the Caucasus regions, and were cultivated in the Middle East and North Africa for thousands of years.

In Europe fossils vines have been found, as well as seeds in Central Europe, that show the grape was used as food by early humankind.

Grape culture spread to the Mediterranean countries of Spain, Italy and France; and from there to the rest of world.

Today, in Australia, the sultana grape is cultivated in rows of special trellises, awaiting picking and sun-drying on racks to become a plump, golden dried fruit.

Sultanas are an important source of dietary fibre and provide potassium, iron and small amounts of calcium, carotene and B complex vitamins.

SOURCE: Australian Studies Magazine.


LET’S LAUGH! …

 


SPACE RACE: It’s been 50 years since Apollo 11 touched down on the moon!

FRANK MORRIS

MAN’S GREAT LEAP: NEIL ARMSTRONG’S GHOSTLY FIGURE EMERGED FROM THE SPACECRAFT, HIS LEFT FOOT HOVERED ABOVE THE MOON SURFACE AS HE SPOKE THE WORDS FROM A WORLD AFAR. PICTURE FROM NASA.

IT’S BEEN HALF A CENTURY SINCE BUZZ ALDRIN ADDRESSED THE WORLD FROM THE MOON, MARKING HUMANKIND’S GREATEST FEAT IN FLIGHT.

On July 21, 1969, at 12.56 pm, American astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first man to put his footprint on the moon.

That’s 50 years ago. Time waits for no man.

Watched by more than 600 million people around the world, Armstrong’s ghostly figure emerged from the spacecraft.

Armstrong’s first words as he gingerly slithered his feet across the moon’s surface were: “That’s one step for man but a giant leap for mankind.”

Twenty minutes later he was joined by his space companion Buzz Aldrin.

 


YOUR DOG: I’m a Leo see, and sometimes I feel I could reach the sky!

“SUE” AND FRANK MORRIS

ENOUGH OF TALKING ABOUT MYSELF. I’M GOING TO GET SOME SHUT-EYE.

Harvey the Leo! Harvey the Leo! I like it.

That’s what I’m called on the home-front! Ever since the boss lady discovered I was a Leo. I knew I was generous, energetic and assertive. They’re ok.

And proud. That’s ok too.

I remember when I young I got my boss lady into panic mode.

I was at the vet. I didn’t know why. The man and woman in their coats gazed at me with a sad look on their faces.

But, silly me, I kept up my jumping, my hiding, thumping my tail, and my usual run-a-muck antics. Then something bizarre -- quite strange, it was -- took place. I chased my tail around the room for hours!

It seemed like hours, until the boss lady picked me up. I was in her arms only a couple of minutes when she uttered the word … operation. The alarm bells started ringing; the word of dread. I nearly died. Me. Going under the knife …

My stimulation did something wrong to my tummy. Even now, I still do it – only it’s more exciting. But it safer. My personality features just lean back and laugh.
Ah well, I was only young then.

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GREAT KIWI FIRST …
IN 1919, EARNEST RUTHERFORD, BORN IN 1871, HAILED AS THE ‘FATHER OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS’ SPLITS ATOMIC NUCLEUS BY ALPHA-RAY BOMBARDMENT. “WHATEVER HE TOUCHED TURNED TO GOLD,” COMMENTED A FORMER COLLEAGUE. RUTHERFORD DIED IN 1937.
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Here comes the boss lady.

Harvey is a Leo at heart! says Sue.

The Leo personality is a natural born leader with a flair for the dramatic. Harvey never does anything by halves. He is ruled by the fiery sun, Leos can’t help but shine; and be larger than life.

And Harvey is a classic example!

He IS charismatic. He charms women and children alike every-time he sets foot outside the door. So much so the 30 minute walk can often take up over an hour. He stops and takes all the attention dished up to him.

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ON ITS WAY …
WALT DISNEY DOESN’T HAVE DEPRESSED MOODS, HE SAYS. THIS ENLIGHTENING YARN TELLS HOW IT IS: I’M GOING TO THE TOP! HIS FIRST SUCCESS WAS MICKEY MOUSE. WALT HAD TO TAKE THE MORTIMER OUT OF MICKEY -- SO WALT AND HIS WIFE LILLIAN PUT ON THEIR THINKING CAPS! SOON.
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He’s proud. You can tell. His tail points to the sky and gives something of a “Royal Wave” when he passes other dogs. He has absolutely no concept of his smallness compared to other dog species. Just as well they don’t eat him for breakfast!

He’s powerful. He know what he wants and how to get it! He also exerts his strength but in one direction only – the café. He loves a Puppa-chino!

He’s dramatic. Well, what can I say? All I can say is he takes after his owners. Just ask any of our friends – they adore him; everything about him. He get abundant love and gives it back tenfold.

Harvey: I agree with everything!


FILMBIZ: 60th Anniversary of the Gidget movie!

MRS MOVIES

SANDRA DEE PLAYED KATHY KOHNER, THE REAL-LIFE GIDGET.

YES, IT’S BEEN 60 YEARS SINCE GROMMET KATHY “GIDGET” KOHNER TOLD HER SCREENWRITER DAD ABOUT HER ADVENTURES ON THE BEACH AND THE WATER WITH A CREW DOWN FROM MALIBU. INADVENENTLY, SHE LAUNCHED HER SURFING TO THE MASSES WORLDWIDE.

Two movies were made of the original Gidget, the first being released in 1959. The calibre of actors selected for the part made this possible.

The Who? Who? includes James Darren, Sandra Dee, Cliff Roberton, Doug McClure, Arthur O’Connell and many others.

The reviewer at the time said a “fluffy teenage comedy-adventure” with Sandra Dee in the title role.

“She makes goo-goo eyes at a surfer, played by James Darren – but mum and dad are sceptical of the romance”.

All the actors are first class.

SOURCE: Adapted from PLD News Wire.

KATHY KOHNER WHO LAUNCHED HER SURFING TO A WORLDWIDE AUDIENCE.

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YOUR HEALTH …
NATIONAL DIABETES WEEK, JULY 13 TO JULY 20. DISCUSSED FULLY IS LIVING WITH DIABETES 1 AND 2 AND THE FOOD THAT IS REQUIRED. CONTACT DIABETES ASSOCIATION IN YOUR STATE.
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Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 19 July 19

THE VIETNAM WAR: Final. The battle of Long Khan and Operation Overlord

BOB FRESHFIELD

Adapted by FRANK MORRIS

TANKS WERE READY FOR THE ASSAULT.

THE MAIN ENEMY POSITION IDENTIFIED, BUT THEY APPEARED TO BE AVOIDING OPEN COMBAT WITH THE AUSTRALIANS.

B Company landed about 1000 metres into their designated landing zone and took firing from nearly in front of A Company’s position.

The firing eased after a short while, allowing the remainder of the 3 RAR force to land.

Aggressive patrolling and a company sized sweep of the area led to the discovery that 3 RAR had been dropped to within 500 metres of a major enemy bunker system.

It became apparent that there was a strong presence of large Viet Cong and NVA troops moving away from 3 RAR, and a few contacts had been reported by the blocking forces.

The enemy, it appeared, seemed to be avoiding open combat with the Australians.

The main enemy position had been identified by nightfall on June 6; and at dawn on June 7 a heavy Artillery bombardment began for almost an hour.

Then 5 Platoon, B Company (3RAR), began to advance – but had only gone 100 metres. It was pinned down by volleys of firing from its front and both flanks.

They had stumbled onto the edge of well concealed and strongly defended bunkers, and called in helicopter gunships rather that run the risk of receiving more casualties by withdrawing.

With the rest of B Company trying to link up with its beleaguered 5 Platoon, D Company, with tanks and APCs, began an assault to what was thought to be the rear and flank of the bunker system.

However, they began to realise that the system was much larger anyone expected. The tanks were forced to halt while the infantry troops were brought up to begin an assault.

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GREAT AUSSIE FIRST...
IN 1933, DOROTHY JORDON BECAME THE FIRST WOMAN RADIO ANNOUNCER IN AUSTRALIA. JORDON TOLD HOUSEWIFE MAGAZINE: “I DIDN’T KNOW HOW IT WOULD TURN OUT FOR ME. BUT IT TURNED OUT TRUMPS”. –FM.
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By mid-afternoon, the B Company had stabilised its position with 5 Platoon survivors; and D Company had been repositioned to commence another assault.

Pushing through the dense jungle from the north-east, with Centurion tanks in close support, it was slow going.

Each bunker, at first located by troops was then crushed by the tanks, along with any occupants.

Therefore, D Company painstakingly searched each bunker systematically. It was later found that the area of bunkers covered almost a square kilometre.

During this final assault, C Company, which had been deployed to the south, located and captured a second bunker system that had been hastily abandoned with weapons and ammunition left behind by the fleeing Viet Cong.

Australia lost 3 killed and six wounded. Although official records show that only 5 bodies of the Viet Cong and NVA regulars were recovered; it is believe that many more lay in the crushed bunkers.

American Pioneers and Australian Engineers later demolished both bunkers sites, depriving the Viet Cong of a major resource.

SOURCES: Adapted from The Vietnam Veterans Federation, March 2017. Written by Bob Freshfield.

Next: The Vietnam War: By 1972, all Australian combat troops were withdrawn from Vietnam, the “unwinnable” war.

Below: Ready for the occasion.

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ON ITS WAY …
MEN’S HEALTH: YOU’RE STILL EMBARRASSED ABOUT GOING TO THE FAMILY DOCTOR? WHAT OLDER MEN SHOULD CONSIDER IS THAT EMBARRASSMENT CAN KILL OLDER AND WELL AS YOUNGER MEN. SOON.
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Great Aussie First: Good heavens, Doctor Balmain!

FRANK MORRIS

TRANSPORTER ALEXANDER ON WHICH BALMAIN SERVED.

DR BALMAIN WAS AN ASSISTANT SURGEON IN THE FIRST FLEET. HE WAS ALSO A NORFOLK ISLAND MAGISTRATE.

The Russians sold Alaska to the Americans; the Indians sold most of the land on which New York stands. They were both regrettable transactions, to be sure.

But Dr William Balmain’s bizarre land sale in 1801 is certainly one for the books.

Balmain was an assistant surgeon in the First Fleet transporter, Alexander. He served the colony in this role for three years. The proficient Balmain soon got transferred to Norfolk Island to take charge of medical services there, under the administration of Lieut-Governor Philip King.

Balmain also served as the island’s magistrate. As such, in 1793, he signed a proclamation by King “fixing prices for labour and foods, and providing the duty on spirits to be spent on schools.”

Indeed, it was a landmark edict for, not only Norfolk Island but for Australia. As one historian pointed out: “This was the first case of price-fixing … and the first time public money was devoted to education.”

Two years later Balmain returned to Sydney as principal surgeon. Aside from his medical responsibilities, he also continued in his position as a magistrate.

In 1800, he donned a naval uniform and was appointed registrar of imports and exports. He did the job expected of him, and for that was rewarded handsomely.

That year, Balmain was given several grants of prime land by Governor Hunter – 172 hectares at Field of Mars (now Marsfield), 110 hectares at Windsor and 222 hectares at what is now Balmain.

It is said that apart from conferring his name upon the district, his connection with the latter “was slight.” Located on a peninsular west of Sydney, this area was one of the earliest settled sections of the colony.

“It has always been a mixed community, with the early merchants’ and industrialists’ mansions on the foreshore and their workers’ cottages behind,” says The Oxford Literary Guide.

About twelve months after receiving the grants he sold up everything and headed back to England.

The land at Balmain was sold to a friend for a “token” amount of five shillings ($1)! There were no questions asked; no reasons given. When he left Sydney, Balmain was wracked by failing health.

He died in London in 1803.

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ON THE WAY …
IN 1937, THE MYSTERY OF AMELIA EARHART DEEPENED! LEADING SEARCHERS COVERED A GREAT PORTION OF THE PACIFIC OCEAN IN THEIR EFFORT TO TRACK THE WHERE-ABOUTS OF THE PIONEER PILOT AND HER CREW MEMBER. SOON.
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SOURCE: Grand Years, 2008.

Below: Dr William Balmain.


IN THE 1970s: The call for plastic film to replace glass, metal in packaging

FRANK MORRIS

THE PRINTING OF FLEXIBLE FILM DID REPLACE OTHER MATERIALS IN PACKAGING.

AUSTRALIA WILL ALSO BE CONSCIOUS OF THE PACKAGING APPEAL OF PLASTIC!, SAID DON AUSTIN.

“It is not science fiction,” said Don Austin, “to predict that by the end of the century plastic flexible films may have eventually replaced glass and metal in packaging.”

This is the way Austin, an expert on flexible film production, penned the article in GO Creative in Packaging, a newspaper which ear-marked a well-known packaging companies on how they would tackle the 70s.

Austin said that this will be brought about by “development of other versatile plastic films with suitable physical and chemical properties to meet the demands of the food processing industries throughout the world”.

He pointed out that the extension of the range of plastic films “will lend far more scope to pouches, packs and containers”.

He stressed that the permeability of a certain pack can be varied … according to the type of product it contains and its intended life”.

Austin said that a unique breakthrough for the 1970s “will be the ‘cook in pouch’ packaging concept for pre-cooked meals if it can be economically produced!”

He said its ideal for Australia conditions and will almost certainly find its own level of consumer acceptance.

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ON ITS WAY …
JOHN FROST COLLECTS NEWSPAPER WHICH WILL BECOME HISTORY. HIS NEWSPAPERS RECORD EVERYTHING LIKE WHEN A COMEDIAN WAS ACCUSED OF EATING A HAMSTER TO THE DEATH OF KINGS AND QUEENS. SOON.
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“It is understandable that the flexible packaging industry in Australia will never be able to use all the flexible materials on the market today.

“This, in my opinion, suggests that we must be more selective … always conscious of product protection and package sales appeal.”

He said this will allow the producer “to main a sensible pricing structure”.

Frank Morris comments: Mr Don Austin knew the flexible packaging industry when it comes down to plastic film. I know his name and that his reputation spread far and wide. His article explains all the things that were to happen – from glass bottles, dishes, and other utensils, to pouches, packs, straws and containers and plastic bags. Now, fifty years later, we’re endeavouring to REPLACE plastic. It might be cheaper BUT notable scientist are concerned about the environment. Plus, it is menacing our wide-spread oceans too.

Below: Go Creative in Packaging newspaper.


BACKTRACK: Plastic in peril or perils of plastic – the 1962 and 2010 special reports

FRANK MORRIS and TIME MAGAZINE

In Plastic Retailer, a trade magazine, in the 1961 edition, I wrote an article titled “plastic in peril”. It read in part: “Housewives are using plastic for a variety of reasons and grossly over-estimating their durability.

“For instance, pouring boiling fat into a plastic bowl; or putting hubby’s dinner on a plastic plate and putting it into the oven to heat it up were unexaggerated examples, which aptly illustrated the maltreatment of plastics’ houseware.

“Consumer plastics are in dire peril. Someone is slipping.”

In 2010, TIME had to say in a Special Report on the ‘peril of plastic’: Chemicals in plastics and other products seem

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GREAT AUSSIE FIRST …
LOLA MONTEZ, WHO HAD BEEN MISTRESS TO COMPOSER FRANZ LISZT, AND THE NOVELIST ALEXANDRE DUMAS AND OTHERS, WAS THE FIRST TO PERFORM THE SPIDER DANCE IN AUSTRALIA IN 1856. MINERS WERE THRILLED.
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harmless, but mounting evidence links them to health problems – and Washington lacks the power to protect us.

Recycling codes can help to identify problematic chemicals.

Some examples … reports TIME, were shampoo bottles, cups, containers and water bottles.

Type of plastic used was PVC, among others.

SOURCE: Plastic Retailer, August 1961.

Below: The Plastic Retailer magazine which a story the maltreatment of plastic homewares. Those were the days!


ON ITS WAY …
CCCCCCCCCRASH CRISES! TWO IMPORTAN INSTANT PROBLEMS THAT CAUSE CAR CRASHES ARE COMPLACENCY AND DRIVER DISTRACTION. PEOPLE WHO HAVE DEMENTIA – ARE THEY FIT TO DRIVE. SOON.

Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 12 July 19

THE VIETNAM WAR: The battle of Long Khan and Operation Overlord

BOB FRESHFIELD

Adapted by FRANK MORRIS

BRAVERY WAS PUT TO THE TEST AS DIGGER DRAGS A WOUNDED MATE BACK TO THE COMPANY POSITION.

OPERATION OVERLORD WAS PUT INTO EFFECT WITH SOME TREPIDATION AMONG THE LOWER RANKS.

The Australian government began reducing troops at the end of 1970. Left were 2 battalions at 1ATF Nui Dat, along with substantial support of armour, artillery and RAAF air support.

By the end of 1970 Phuoc Tuy province was almost free of NVA and Viet Cong large scale movements, and a lot of the security of the provincial towns went to the South Vietnamese ARVN troops to administer.

With 8RAR going home, and not replaced, 3RAR arrived for its second tour to join 7RAR, who were also in the process of returning to Australia.

And 4RAR/NZ, with a contingent of a Company from New Zealand, arrived in March 1971 as the last elements of 7RAR departed.

Thus, Phuoc Tuy province became the responsibility of just 2 battalions for the remainder of the war.

Patrolling was by Australian Special Air Service, (SAS), in the north of Phuoc Tuy province, near the border with Long Khan province.

It began to show signs of the presence of large numbers of Viet Cong D445 Regiment in the vicinity of the Courtenay rubber plantation.

Indeed, when given permission to extend patrolling 4 kilometres into Long Khan province, intelligence … found D445 and the 33NVA regiment were attempting to disrupt local security, using the area to refit and retrain.

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HEALTH MATTERS …
NATIONAL DIABETES WEEK JULY 13-20 – GET INFORMATION ON HEALTHLY EATING TIPS, HOW OTHERS MANAGE THEIR DIABETES, DIABETES EDUCATORS AND MANY OTHERS. 1300 136 588.
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Operation Overlord was put into effect with some trepidation from among the lower ranks.

They realised the name and loading zones as well as the date of commencement, were the same as those used during the WW2 Normandy D-day landings; this might telegraph Australia’s intentions.

However, the operation was launched on June 6, 1971, with 3RAR and C Squadron Centurion Tanks given the task of driving the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese into a blocking combination of 4RAR/NZ, A Squadron 3 Cav Regiment, and 8th Battalion 3rd US Cavalry Regiment.

Next: There was a large group of enemy troops hidden in a bunker system. They had been avoiding open combat with the Australians.

SOURCE: Adapted from Vietnam Veterans Journal from a series by Bob Freshfield.
Below: A digger urges his mates to take cover.


GREAT AUSSIE FIRST: Election stood in the way of the monorail!

FRANK MORRIS

BRITISH INVENTOR BRENNAN’S MONORAIL.

BRENNAN WAS A DEAD ISSUE POLITICALLY.

Australia’s first monorail system could have been up and running in the early 1900s had it not been
for an untimely federal election.

British inventor Louis Brennan, who lived in Australia from 1861 to 1880, designed the first gyroscopic monorail system which he offered to the Australian Government in 1907.

But before Brennan’s unique transportation system could be discussed with the other states, the then Prime Minister Alfred Deakin was voted out of office.

Deakin’s successor, Labour’s Andrew Fisher, was keen to press on with the idea but nothing came of it.
By 1909, when Deakin was re-elected Prime Minister for yet a third time, Brennan’s monorail was a dead issue politically.

That same year Brennan held public demonstrations of his monorail in London with spectacular success.

GREAT AUSSIE FIRST: Going to the “flicks” and the death of the cinema

FRANK MORRIS

THE MOVIES WERE AN EXPERIENCE THAT BELONGED TO A GREAT MASS OF CINEMAGOERS.

“The flicks” was short for “the flickers”. It peterer out in the mid 1950.

It’s a hangover from those magical early days when the movies were black and white images that flickered on cinema screens in the city, suburbs or the back of the beyond.

It is an appellation that obviously came from the pages of the movie fan magazines like Silver Screen, Photoplay, Modern Screen, Screenland, and dozens of others, which were around when Tinseltown was America’s dreamland.
The movies were an experience that appealed to a great mass of people. In pre-television days tens of thousands of families would pile into the roadster and head for the nearest cinema.

By the 1920s there were over 750 cinemas in Australia -- that’s not counting halls, tents, and former live theatres. The bulk of cinemas, invariably in the art deco style, was built in the 1920s and 1930s, particularly when the ‘talkies’ came on the scene.

In the first year of sound, theatre attendances went through the roof. “Every amusement except film recorded a drop in patronage,” writes one leading historian. It is safe to claim that almost every suburb and country town in Australia had a cinema.

The Depression years 1929 to 1933, movie patronage took a severe tumble as unemployment hit the 30 percent mark. By the late 1930s attendances doubled to over 126,000,000, and kept soaring.

In 1955, twelve months before the introduction of television, there were over 1700 theatres and 166 other “film showing” venues.

When television sank its teeth into the film market, audiences plunged overnight and many theatres were unceremoniously closed. By 1960 there were only about 1590 theatres; and by 1970 only 970-odd, which included 230 drive-ins.


SHAPES & SIZES: Viking Ships -- How yester-year crafts grew to become to giants of the sea!

LONGSHIPS WERE SLEEK WOODEN CRAFTS WITH A SINGLE SQUARE SAIL, USED FOR EXPLORING AND LAUNCHING RAIDS. ABOUT 1000 YEARS AGO, VIKING WARRIORS ROWED THEIR LONGSHIPS WHEN THE WIND BLEW FROM THE WRONG DIRECTION; OR STOPPED BLOWING ALL TOGETHER.
SOURCE: Mighty Machines Parragon, Bath, UK.

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GREAT AUSSIE FIRST DAYLIGHT SAVING WAS FIRST TRIED IN 1917; AND THEN IN 1942. TASMANIA’S DAYLIGHT SAVING HAPPENED IN 1968. IN 1971, NSW, SA, AND CANBERRA FOLLOWED TASMANIA. WESTERN AUSTRALIA, QUEENSLAND AND NORTHERN TERRITORY DON’T OBSERVE DAYLIGHT SAVING. – FM.
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Posted in: Grand Years with Frank Morris at 04 July 19

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